Compose and focus
A good landscape photograph should capture the viewer’s interest, from right in front of the lens, all the way to the distant horizon. Therefore, you’ll need some ‘foreground interest’ close to the lens. In the shot below, the photographer has used the wild flowers, stretching from the bottom of the frame to the middle ground, for this purpose. Another compositional tool, known as a leading line, has also been employed to lead the eye from the bottomright of the frame to the centre – in this case the leading line is the path on the right. The idea behind this is to direct the viewer’s gaze into the photograph.
In order to keep everything sharp, from the foreground right to the distant horizon, you have to use a narrow aperture to maximize the depth of field. But where you focus is important too. Depth of field extends from one-third in front of the focus point to two-thirds behind it, so for maximum depth of field you need to focus on something a third of the way into the scene, distance-wise – this is known as the ‘hyperfocal’ distance. As luck would have it, for the majority of scenes this will also be roughly around a third of the way up from the bottom of the frame.