NT News

ON THIS DAY

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331BC

Alexander the Great of Macedonia defeats Darius III of Persia at the Battle of Gaugamela, marking the end of the Persian empire.

1850

Sydney University, Australia’s first such academy, is founded by the signing of an act of incorporat­ion.

1857

Royal Aquarium and Pleasure Grounds opens at Tamarama, Sydney.

1883

Sydney High School, first of the state-run high schools establishe­d under the Education Act of 1880, enrols its first students.

1908

The T-model Ford goes on sale in the US. The two-seat “tin Lizzy’’ costs $850.

1918

Australian Light Horsemen enter Damascus, having cut off the enemy’s retreat and taken 4000 prisoners.

1946

Verdicts are handed down to 22 Nazis of the original 24 defendants in the Nuremberg trials which prosecuted World War II crimes. Twelve of the defendants are sentenced to hang.

1971

Compulsory wearing of seat belts comes into force in NSW.

1982

The first compact disc player to be sold commercial­ly, CDP-101, is launched by Sony.

1985

The Melbourne synod of the Anglican Church votes to become the first in Australia to allow the ordination of women as deacons.

1988

Mikhail Gorbachev becomes chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, effectivel­y head of the Soviet Union.

2000

The Sydney Olympic Games close with fireworks; IOC president Juan Antonio Samaranch (pictured) declares them “the best Olympic Games ever”.

2005

Three suicide bombers in Bali kill 20 people, including four Australian­s, in three attacks.

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