Know your body, light and lenses

Un­der­stand­ing your kit be­yond the ba­sics

Photo Plus - - Canon Camera Craft -

6 Mode du jour

THE Mode dial dic­tates how your cam­era shoots. Man­ual (M) gives you full con­trol of the aper­ture and shut­ter speed; Aper­ture value (Av) and Time value (Tv) en­able you to set the for­mer or lat­ter re­spec­tively, with the cam­era au­tomat­ing the other. Pro­gram, Au­to­matic, Cre­ative Auto and Scene modes are au­to­mated. Bulb mode en­ables ex­po­sures greater than 30 sec­onds, while you can save your fre­quent set­tings to a Cus­tom mode.

7 The ins and outs

DIS­CRETELY PLACED on your cam­era body are a num­ber of in­puts and out­puts for var­i­ous con­nec­tions. De­pend­ing on your model you can find a USB port to con­nect to your com­puter (to trans­fer files with­out re­mov­ing the mem­ory card), mi­cro­phone jack, head­phone jack (to mon­i­tor au­dio lev­els), HDMI port (to con­nect to a dis­play for view­ing your im­ages), cable re­mote shut­ter port and a stu­dio flash unit port.

8 Crop fac­tor

YOU MAY have heard cam­era sen­sors de­scribed as APS-C or ‘full frame’. The Canon EOS 6D, 5D and 1D se­ries use full-frame cam­era sen­sors, while se­ries such as the 100D-800D, 7D, 80D use an APS-C sen­sor that is ‘cropped’ in size. This af­fects your lenses’ fo­cal length; to get the ‘full frame’ field of view, mul­ti­ply the fo­cal length by 1.6x (the crop fac­tor). So, a 50mm lens would be an 80mm equiv­a­lent on an APS-C body.

9 To in­fin­ity…

WON­DER­ING WHAT the in­fin­ity sym­bol means on your lenses? Es­sen­tially, it’s the op­po­site of shoot­ing with a nar­row depth of field; fo­cus­ing to in­fin­ity achieves the widest pos­si­ble depth of field, to get as much of your image in fo­cus from fore­ground to back­ground. This is use­ful for land­scape and night pho­tog­ra­phy, once you’ve cal­cu­lated (or Googled) the right hyperfocal dis­tance.

10 What’s the meter?

WHY BUY a light meter when your cam­era has one built-in? Be­cause a hand­held meter is a far more ac­cu­rate way of ex­pos­ing your pic­tures. A light meter takes an

in­ci­dent read­ing, which mea­sures the light that ac­tu­ally hits your sub­ject. Your cam­era meter takes a re­flected read­ing, which mea­sures the light that bounces back off your sub­ject. As ex­plained last is­sue (page 52), your cam­era meter com­pounds this by telling you to ex­pose your pic­tures at 18% grey – try pho­tograph­ing a black cat in a coal shed or a white dog play­ing in the snow to see what we mean! Use a light meter to take an em­pir­i­cal read­ing of nat­u­ral light, flash, or even mul­ti­ple flash units, and get per­fect ex­po­sures every sin­gle time.

Get to grips with all the dif­fer­ent modes so you’re not left out in the dark

Hand­held in­ci­dent me­ters give you an em­pir­i­cal mea­sure­ment of light; Canon cam­era me­ters do not

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Australia

© PressReader. All rights reserved.