His­tory of the PAR­TI­SAN CAP

Reader's Digest Asia Pacific - - Bonus Read -

The mil­i­tary side cap, or for­age cap, that Boris Puks gave to Ernest Brough in 1944 was part of the Yu­goslav Par­ti­san uni­form. It was called the triglavka in Slove­nian and the par­ti­zanka in Croa­t­ian. The de­sign was copied from the cap worn by Repub­li­can fac­tion sol­diers dur­ing the Span­ish Civil War. A fea­ture of the Yu­goslav Par­ti­san cap was the red com­mu­nist star on the front.

The first Yu­goslav caps were made in 1941 in Za­greb for the com­mu­nist Peo­ple's Lib­er­a­tion Front of Croa­tia. In oc­cu­pied Yu­goslavia dur­ing World War II, this cap's use spread quickly through­out the Par­ti­san re­sis­tance. The Slove­nian triglavka, adopted in 1942, had a three-pronged ridge along its crown, rep­re­sent­ing Triglav moun­tain, Slove­nia's high­est peak. Puks's cap is a par­ti­zanka, so it has a flat­ter crown and a folded brim at the back.

In 1943, the par­ti­zanka and the triglavka were re­placed by the titovka, or Tito cap, which was named af­ter the Yu­goslav com­mu­nist re­sis­tance leader, Josip Broz Tito, and mod­elled on the Soviet army cap, the pi­lotka. Af­ter the war, the titovka be­came the of­fi­cial head­wear of the Yu­goslav Peo­ple's Army, or JNA.

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