Pos­si­ble causes of hair loss, es­sen­tial steps of CPR

This guide shows you what to do if some­one has a life-threat­en­ing emer­gency

Reader's Digest Asia Pacific - - Contents -

IF A PER­SON COL­LAPSES, stops breath­ing and goes into car­diac ar­rest, per­form­ing CPR (chest com­pres­sions and res­cue breath­ing) im­me­di­ately can more than dou­ble their chance of sur­vival. Af­ter check­ing that you, the col­lapsed per­son and any by­standers are safe, be­gin by check­ing for a re­sponse by squeez­ing the per­son’s shoul­ders and ask­ing if they are all right. If you are not alone, send some­one to call an am­bu­lance. Tilt their head to open the air­way, and lift their chin. Check if the per­son is breath­ing (don’t be­gin CPR if they are breath­ing nor­mally). If the air­way is ob­structed, place them in the re­cov­ery po­si­tion. Then fol­low these CPR steps:

1

Po­si­tion your hands. Make sure the per­son is ly­ing flat on their back on a firm sur­face.

Kneel be­side them and place the heel of your hand on the cen­tre of their chest.

2

In­ter­lock fin­gers. Keep­ing your arms straight, cover the first hand with the heel of your other hand and in­ter­lock the fin­gers of both hands to­gether.

3

Give chest com­pres­sions. Lean for­wards so that your shoul­ders are di­rectly over the pa­tient’s chest and press down one third of the chest depth. Re­lease the pres­sure, but not your hands, and let the chest come back up. Try to give 100 to 120 chest com­pres­sions per minute. Not sure what that re­ally means? Push to the beat of the Bee Gees song ‘Stayin’ Alive’ – that’s about two com­pres­sions each sec­ond.

4

Re­peat to give 30 chest com­pres­sions and then two res­cue breaths.

5

Give res­cue breaths. Tilt their head back to open the air­way again. Pinch the nos­trils closed with your fin­ger and thumb, sup­port­ing their chin with your other hand. Take a nor­mal breath, put your mouth over their mouth, and blow un­til you see their chest ris­ing.

6

Watch chest fall. Pause and, look­ing along the chest, watch to see if it falls. Give two full breaths be­tween each cy­cle of com­pres­sions. Some peo­ple may be re­luc­tant to give res­cue breath­ing to an un­con­scious stranger, and be more likely to take ac­tion by do­ing chest-com­pres­siononly CPR, and this alone can still be life sav­ing. Res­cue breath­ing, how­ever, is rec­om­mended for in­fants, chil­dren and drown­ing vic­tims.

7

Re­peat chest com­pres­sions and res­cue breaths. Place your hands on the chest again and re­peat the cy­cle of 30 chest com­pres­sions, fol­lowed by two res­cue breaths. Con­tinue the cy­cle un­til help ar­rives or the per­son starts breath­ing.

Tilt the head back to re-open the air­way. See step 5

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