WHAT IS AN MPA?

Scuba Diver Australasia + Ocean Planet - - Feature: Creating An Mpa -

Ac­cord­ing to the International Union for Con­ser­va­tion of Na­ture (IUCN), a pro­tected area is a ma­rine land­scape with legally de­fined bound­aries where hu­man ac­tiv­ity is re­stricted by ex­plic­itly out­lined poli­cies. These poli­cies have to be im­ple­mented and en­forced by lo­cal, re­gional, or international au­thor­i­ties to con­serve ecosys­tems for their nat­u­ral or cultural value.

The level of re­stric­tion can vary de­pend­ing on how eco­log­i­cally sensitive and im­por­tant the area is, and the ben­e­fits to con­ser­va­tion that come from re­lax­ing re­stric­tions for pur­poses such as ed­u­ca­tion.

Re­stric­tions range from catch lim­its on cer­tain species or the type of ac­tiv­i­ties al­lowed, to com­plete bans on any hu­man ac­tiv­ity that does not aid con­ser­va­tion ef­forts or serve a cul­tur­ally sig­nif­i­cant pur­pose.

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