COG­NI­TIVE DE­CLINE AND DE­MEN­TIA

RISK FAC­TORS that IN­CREASE

The Australian Women's Weekly - - Book Extract -

• Smok­ing: a fur­ther in­cen­tive to stop!

• Obe­sity in midlife, although at least one study found that be­ing un­der­weight in midlife also el­e­vated the risk.

• High blood pres­sure in midlife, also a ma­jor risk fac­tor for stroke.

• Di­a­betes: prob­a­bly due to el­e­vated blood glu­cose lev­els dam­ag­ing the brain. If you have di­a­betes, good man­age­ment of blood glu­cose lev­els is key.

• Trau­matic brain in­jury: this isn’t al­ways a mod­i­fi­able risk fac­tor, but shows we must do all we can to pre­vent brain in­jury, eg, wear­ing hel­mets cy­cling or dur­ing snow sports. Box­ers, rugby play­ers and those play­ing con­tact sports are at par­tic­u­lar risk.

• A his­tory of de­pres­sion. Di­etary strate­gies in this book can help with de­pres­sion, too.

• Pro­longed sleep prob­lems such as in­som­nia and sleep ap­nea.

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