The Chronicle



1715: French “Sun King’’ Louis XIV dies in Versailles, aged 76. The art-loving tyrant came to the throne at age four, and ruled for 72 years.

1808: William Redfern, 34, receives the first medical diploma issued in Australia, after being examined by a tribunal of surgeons.

1824: An advance party led by Lieutenant Henry Miller sails from Sydney on the brig Amity to establish a penal settlement at Moreton Bay, now in Queensland.

1830: Irish-born bushranger John “Bold Jack’’ Donohoe is trapped near Campbellto­wn and shot dead. He had robbed bullock drays on the Windsor Rd and, after escaping from jail and the noose, rampaged all over NSW.

1856: A railway branch line to Liverpool opens for use, having officially opened on August 18. It has one station before Liverpool, at Fairfield.

1870: In the FrancoPrus­sian War, the French under Napoleon III are heavily defeated by Prussians under Moltke at the battle of Sedan.

1874: The General Post Office in Martin Place is opened in a grand ceremony.

1906: Australia takes responsibi­lity for the administra­tion of southeaste­rn New Guinea, renaming it Papua.

1918: Australian troops capture and hold Mont St Quentin and Peronne.

1923: Cessnock: 21 men die in an explosion and fire at the Bellbird Colliery.

1928: A liquor referendum in NSW and ACT results in a vote against prohibitio­n.

2001: New Zealand and Nauru agree to take more than 430 asylum seekers stranded aboard Norwegian cargo ship Tampa after prime minister John Howard refuses to let them land in Australia.

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