The Chronicle



1588 The Spanish Armada, which attempted to invade England, is destroyed by a British fleet.

1776 The British occupy Manhattan.

1788 An alliance between Britain, Prussia and the Netherland­s is ratified at the Hague.

1916 Armored tanks are introduced by the British during the Battle of the Somme.

1928 Scottish bacteriolo­gist Alexander Fleming discovers, by accident, that the mold penicillin has an antibiotic effect.

1935 In Berlin, the Reich under Adolf Hitler adopts the swastika as the national flag.

1937 Prime Minister of England Neville Chamberlai­n flies to Germany to discuss the future of Czechoslov­akia with Adolf Hitler.

1939 The Polish submarine Orzel arrives in Tallinn, Estonia, after escaping the German invasion of Poland.

1959 Nikita Khrushchev becomes first Soviet leader to visit the US.

1968 The USSR launches Zond 5, which becomes the first spaceship to orbit the moon and reenter Earth’s atmosphere.

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