TODAY IN HISTORY
England’s King Richard I (the LionHeart), captures Sicily’s key city of Messina while on his way to Jerusalem during the Third Crusade.
The first complete English Bible, the work of Miles Coverdale, comes off the press either in Zurich (Switzerland) or in Cologne (Germany).
Dutch master Rembrandt van Rijn dies in Amsterdam at 63, leaving the world 600 paintings, 1500 drawings and 350 etchings.
Turkey declares war on Russia, starting the Crimean War.
The first train in what became the Orient Express service leaves Gare de l’Est, Paris, for Constantinople.
Portugal becomes a republic, with King Manuel II fleeing to England.
Large crowds line Sydney Harbour to welcome the country’s first battle cruiser, HMAS Australia, arriving from Britain where it was built, as the first RAN fleet enters the harbour.
The Sentimental Bloke, director Ray Longford’s film version of a poetry book by C.J. Dennis, premieres in Melbourne. It is hailed one of Australia’s greatest films.
Gutzon Borglum begins sculpting Mt. Rushmore in the US. He works until 1941.
Luna Park opens under the Harbour Bridge after machinery for rides is sent by barge from an Adelaide fun park.
Sir Keith Murdoch (pictured) dies.