The Chronicle

TODAY IN HISTORY

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105BC

The Roman Army is defeated by Germanic tribes in the Battle of

1014 Arausio.

Bulgarian tsar Samuel dies from shock after seeing 15,000 defeated Bulgarian soldiers blinded on orders from Byzantine Emperor Basil II.

1536

Protestant English translator of the New Testament, William Tyndale, is strangled and burned at the stake by Catholic authoritie­s for heresy.

1849

Thirteen martyrs are executed in the Hungarian revolution.

1868

Two bushranger­s hold up the pub at Enngonia, NSW, only to find the patrons include two troopers sent to catch them. Constable John McCabe is fatally wounded in the ensuing shootout. Outlaws Frank Pearson, aka Captain Starlight, and Charles Rutherford, escape.

1892

Poet Lord Alfred Tennyson dies at his home in Surrey, aged 83.

1899

NSW Premier William Lynne appoints a commission­er, Alexander Oliver, to examine sites for a national capital.

1903

The High Court of Australia sits for the first time, in Melbourne’s Supreme Court building.

1909

Martha Rendell hangs at Fremantle Jail for the murder of three of her five stepchildr­en. Rendell is the last woman to be executed in WA.

1927

The Jazz Singer film opens in New York, the first full-length film to include spoken dialogue.

1949

Iva Toguri D’Aquino, aka Tokyo Rose, who took part in Japanese propaganda broadcasts to US forces in World War II, is sentenced in San Francisco to 10 years’ jail and fined $US10,000 for treason.

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