TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

The Chronicle - - Lighter Side -

TO­DAY IS SATUR­DAY, DE­CEM­BER 8, 2018

On this day in his­tory:

1801 - Flin­ders ex­plores and charts King Ge­orge’s Sound (later Al­bany) in Western Aus­tralia.

1854 - Pope Pius IX pro­claimed the dogma of the Im­mac­u­late Con­cep­tion. The the­ory holds that Mary, mother of Je­sus, was free of orig­i­nal sin from the mo­ment she was con­ceived.

1863 - Tom King of Eng­land de­feated Amer­i­can John Heenan and be­came the first world heavy­weight cham­pion.

1941 - The United States en­tered World War II when it de­clared war against Japan. The act came one day af­ter the Ja­panese at­tacked Pearl Har­bor. Bri­tain and Canada also de­clared war on Japan.

1949 - The Chi­nese Na­tion­al­ist gov­ern­ment moved from the Chi­nese main­land to For­mosa be­cause of Com­mu­nists pres­sure.

1980 - Zim­babwe’s man­power min­is­ter, Edgar Tekere, was found guilty in the killing of a white farmer. He was freed un­der a law that pro­tected min­is­ters act­ing to sup­press ter­ror­ism.

1987 - U.S. Pres­i­dent Rea­gan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gor­bachev signed a treaty agree­ing to de­stroy their na­tions’ ar­se­nals of in­ter­me­di­ate-range nu­clear mis­siles.

1987 - The “in­te­fadeh” (Ara­bic for up­ris­ing) by Pales­tini­ans in the Is­raeli-oc­cu­pied ter­ri­to­ries be­gan.

1989 - Com­mu­nist lead­ers in Cze­choslo­vakia of­fered to sur­ren­der their con­trol over the gov­ern­ment and ac­cept a mi­nor­ity role in a coali­tion Cab­i­net.

1991 - Rus­sia, Byelorus­sia and Ukraine de­clared the Soviet na­tional gov­ern­ment to be dead. They forged a new al­liance to be known as the Com­mon­wealth of In­de­pen­dent States. The act was de­nounced by Rus­sian Pres­i­dent Gor­bachev as un­con­sti­tu­tional.

1994 - Bos­nian Serbs re­leased dozens of hostage peace­keep­ers, but con­tin­ued to de­tain about 300 oth­ers.

1997 - Jenny Ship­ley was sworn in as the first fe­male prime min­is­ter of New Zealand.

1999 - Rus­sia and Be­larus agreed in prin­ci­ple to form an eco­nomic and po­lit­i­cal con­fed­er­a­tion.

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