The Courier-Mail

ON THIS DAY

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Today is June 1, the 152nd day of 2015. 1850 - The first transporte­d convicts arrive in Western Australia when 75 prisoners disembark from the Scindian. On board is 10-year-old George Throssell, the son of a guard, who is destined to become the second premier of WA. 1918 - The first use of aircraft in combat by ships of the Royal Australian Navy in the Heligoland Bight. Aircraft are launched from HMAS Sydney and Melbourne to intercept two German aircraft. 1941 - In World War II, British forces are finally withdrawn from Crete with heavy losses. Almost 3000 Australian­s are also lost in the evacuation. 1944 - BBC Radio broadcasts a coded message to warn French Resistance that the D-Day invasion is imminent. 1959 - Australian Migration Act comes into force, substituti­ng an entry permit for the dictation test. 1967 - The Beatles release landmark album

Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band. 1985 - A campaign to improve the manners of West Australian­s is launched by the West Australian Tourism Industry Associatio­n in an attempt to increase courtesy before the 1987 America’s Cup. 1995 - Helen Darville (Demidenko) is given Australia’s Miles Franklin Award for

The Hand that Signed the Paper. 2008 - About 500 Australian combat troops begin pulling out of their Iraq base, in Nassiriya in Iraq’s south, fulfilling a Kevin Rudd election promise.

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