The Courier-Mail

ON THIS DAY

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Today is August 11, the 223rd day of 2014. There are 142 days left in the year. 1712 - Treaty of Araru ends Swiss War, guaranteei­ng domination of Protestant­s over five Catholic cantons. 1718 - The English fleet under Admiral George Byng destroys or captures 15 of 22 Spanish ships at the Battle of Cape Passaro off Sicily. 1824 - New South Wales is constitute­d a Crown colony. The Government in NSW therefore has powers to delegate local authoritie­s in the other colonies, such as Moreton Bay, until these colonies are, in turn, constitute­d Crown colonies in their own right. 1877 - US astronomer Asaph Hall discovers a Martian moon, which he names Deimos. 1934 - The first federal prisoners arrive at the island prison Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay. 1945 - Allies inform Japan that its surrender offer is acceptable as World War II in the Pacific nears an end. 1949 - Australian Immigratio­n Minister Arthur Calwell announces that migrants will be known as New Australian­s. 1965 - Rioting and looting breaks out in the predominan­tly black Watts section of Los Angeles; in the week that follows 34 people are killed and more than 1000 are injured. 1969 - Zambian president Kenneth Kaunda nationalis­es copper mining. 1994 - In Sarajevo, Bosnian Serb snipers force the suspension of a vital UN airlift and kill a young girl. 1996 - Bosnian Serb troops refuse to let foreign inspectors see a military compound, prompting the NATO-led peace force to recall its representa­tives from the Bosnian Serb stronghold, Pale. 1998 - British Petroleum announces it has agreed to merge with Amoco Corp of the US in a $US110 billion deal billed as the largest industrial merger. 1999 - The last solar eclipse of the millennium casts a shadow extending from Land’s End at the southweste­rn tip of England to the Bay of Bengal near India. The moon’s shadow darkens parts of Europe, Africa and Asia. 2000 - A Hungarian prisoner left in a Russian psychiatri­c hospital after World War II and forgotten for five decades returns to Hungary – a homeland he hasn’t seen since the 1940s. 2003 - Liberian president Charles Taylor resigns and leaves the country for exile in Nigeria. Taylor’s departure was seen as a major step in bringing peace to the nation, which had been plagued by civil war for 14 years. 2007 - Sierra Leone holds its first presidenti­al elections since UN peacekeepe­rs withdrew two years ago. 2010 - Researcher­s say two ancient animal bones from Ethiopia show signs of butchering by human ancestors, moving back the earliest evidence for the use of stone tools by about 800,000 years. 2012 - Earthquake­s kill at least 180 people in northweste­rn Iran.

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