ON THIS DAY
TODAY is August 26, the 238th day of 2015. There are 127 days left in the year. Highlights in history on this date: 1346 - English archers defeat French knights at the Battle of Crecy in northern France. 1541 - Suleiman I, Sultan of Turkey, annexes Hungary. 1768 - James Cook departs Plymouth on the journey during which he sights the east coast of Australia. 1818 - Explorers John Oxley and George Evans discover the fertile Liverpool Plains in New South Wales. 1835 - Governor Richard Bourke declares John Batman’s treaty with Aborigines, which enabled the founding of Melbourne, to be invalid. 1847 - Liberia is proclaimed an independent republic. 1867 - Work resumes on the Burke and Wills memorial project in Ballarat, with the laying of a second foundation stone. 1883 - The volcano Krakatoa erupts on the island Krakatau, near Indonesia, creating a tsunami that killed more than 36,000 people. 1896 - Insurrection begins in the Philippines against the Spanish. 1920 - The 19th Amendment to the US Constitution, guaranteeing women the right to vote, is declared in effect. 1936 - A treaty ends the British occupation of Egypt, except the Suez Canal zone, and Britain and Egypt form an alliance for 20 years. 1937 - Japan blockades Chinese shipping. 1945 - Japanese envoys board US battleship Missouri to receive surrender instructions at the end of World War II. 1952 - Floods caused by monsoon rains inundate 90 per cent of Manila, causing at least eight deaths. It is Manila’s third flood in a month. 1957 - The Soviet Union announces it has successfully tested an intercontinental ballistic missile. 1970 - North Vietnam sends its chief negotiator back to Vietnam peace talks in Paris after nearly a nine-month boycott of negotiations. 1978 - Cardinal Albino Luciani of Venice is elected the 264th Pope of the Catholic Church following the death of Paul VI. 1990 - Number of US soldiers, airmen and sailors in the Gulf reaches 60,000. 1997 - Former South African president FW de Klerk resigns as the head of the National Party, which created the practice of apartheid, and leaves politics. 2005 - A fire races through a crowded, rundown Paris apartment building housing African immigrants and killing 17 people, mainly children trapped while they slept, and triggers angry calls for decent housing for the needy in the French capital. 2014 - Israel and Gaza’s ruling Hamas agree to an open-ended ceasefire after seven weeks of fighting – an uneasy deal that halts the deadliest war the sides have fought in years.