ON THIS DAY
TODAY is September 1, the 244th day of 2015. Highlights in history on this date: 1494 – France’s King Charles VIII invades Italy to claim throne of Naples. 1542 – Holy Roman Empire’s campaign against the Turks in Hungary fails. 1706 – British successfully defend Charleston, South Carolina, against French and Spanish. 1824 – Advance party for Moreton Bay, Queensland, sets sail from Sydney, on board the brig Amity. 1858 – The East India Company’s government of India ends with the British Crown taking over its territories and duties. 1873 – South Australian government introduces eight-hour working day. 1879 – Britain signs peace treaty with Zulus in South Africa. 1912 – Australian prime minister Andrew Fisher incorporates wattle into the nation’s coat of arms. 1923 – A coalmine explosion and fire at Bellbird Colliery, at Newcastle, NSW, kills 21 people. 1923 – The Great Kanto Earthquake shakes the Tokyo metropolitan area, killing more than 142,000 people. 1939 – Germany invades Poland, leading to start of World War II. 1951 – Australia signs the ANZUS treaty, a mutual defence pact, with the United States and New Zealand. 1985 - US-French expedition locates wreckage of the Titanic about 900km off Newfoundland. 2003 - The Netherlands becomes the world’s first country to make cannabis available as a prescription drug for those suffering from HIV/AIDS, cancer and MS. 2011 - The Victorian government announces the remains discovered at the former Melbourne prison Pentridge are those of notorious bushranger Ned Kelly, more than 130 years after he was executed.