ON THIS DAY
Today is Tuesday, September 8, the 251st day of 2015. Highlights in history on this date: 1565 - The first permanent European settlement in North America is established by the Spanish in St Augustine, Florida. 1664 - The Dutch surrender New Amsterdam to the British, who rename it New York. 1855 - Crimean War ends. 1882 - The first section of St. Mary’s Cathedral in Sydney was opened. 1883 - The Northern Pacific Railroad across the US is completed. 1888 - Annie Chapman is found disembowelled in East London, the second victim of Jack The Ripper. 1900 - Galveston, Texas, is struck by a hurricane that kills about 6000. 1909 - Australian Government announces a competition for locally designed aircraft (No entries are acceptable and the prize was withdrawn in 1910). 1941 - The Germans begin an 872-day siege of Leningrad. 1943 - Italy’s unconditional surrender in World War II announced. Germans take over Rome and northern Italy. 1944 - The first German V-2 ballistic missiles land in Britain. 1947 - Australian Arbitration Court cuts work hours to a 40-hour week. 1969 - Australian Rod Laver defeats Tony Roche in the US open final. 1972 - Israeli Air Force, in retaliation for slaying of Israeli athletes at Munich Olympics, attacks 10 Palestinian guerrilla bases and naval installations in Syria and Lebanon. 1974 - President Gerald Ford grants an unconditional pardon to former President Richard Nixon . 1994 - British, French and American troops depart Berlin, leaving the city without foreign soldiers for the first time since World War II. 2006 - Racing car driver and nine- time winner of the Bathurst 1000, Peter Brock, is killed during the Targa rally in Western Australia aged 61. 2009 - A female journalist convicted of public indecency for wearing trousers outdoors in Sudan is freed. 2012 - John Gillard, father of former prime minister Julia Gillard, dies.