The Courier-Mail

2021 TOKYO OLYMPICS NEW SPORTS

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SURFING

Makes its debut at Shidshita Beach on Japan‘s Pacific Coast with 20 men and 20 women competing in separate competitio­ns.

The competitio­n will use shortboard­s and a four-man heat structure — four athletes will compete at a time. The best two of each heat continue to the next round.

There will be a panel of judges to determine performanc­e. Scores are based on difficulty of manoeuvres and how they are executed, taking into account speed, power and flow.

Only two surfers per country, with selection based on world rankings.

SPORT CLIMBING

In Olympic sport climbing, athletes will traverse an artificial wall dotted with holds of different shapes and sizes.

The combined format will feature three discipline­s: speed climbing, bouldering and lead climbing. Speed climbing involves two climbers racing up a fixed route on a 15m wall.

Bouldering involves climbers scaling a number of fixed routes on a 4m wall within a given time, without ropes, over a safety mate.

Lead climbing sees the competitor­s try to climb as high as possible on an overhangin­g 15m wall within a six-minute time limit.

The athlete who climbs to the highest point wins.

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