ON THIS DAY
Roman Emperor Servius Sulpicius Galba, who succeeded Nero in 68AD, is assassinated by the Praetorian Guard in the Roman Forum. Otho takes power but lasts only three months.
Elizabeth I, the daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife Anne Boleyn, is crowned Queen of England.
The British Museum opens in Montagu House in Bloomsbury.
The mutineers aboard the ship HMS Bounty and their Tahitian partners arrive at Pitcairn Island, where they hope to establish a colony.
James Hetherington, a London haberdasher, is fined for wearing his newest creation — the top hat.
Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht are tortured and murdered by members of the Freikorps at the end of the Spartacist uprising in Germany.
The first Australian Grand Prix is held in Goulburn. It is won by Geoff Meredith of Windellama in his Bugatti.
Launched by US entrepreneur Jimmy Wales, the free encyclopaedia with usergenerated content known as Wikipedia goes online.
NASA scientists send the robotic rover Spirit out for its first spin on Martian soil, commanding the sixwheeled vehicle to roll off its landing platform.
US Airways Capt Chesley ”Sully” Sullenberger ditches his plane in the Hudson River after a flock of birds disables both the plane’s engines. All 155 people aboard survive.
A mezzanine floor at the Jakarta Stock Exchange collapses, injuring 77 people.