ON THIS DAY

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney) - - World -

55

Bri­tan­ni­cus, the teenage son of the Ro­man Em­peror Claudius dies un­der mys­te­ri­ous cir­cum­stances, leav­ing Nero as heir to the throne.

1788

Gov­er­nor Arthur Phillip con­venes the first sit­ting of the Court of Crim­i­nal Ju­di­ca­ture in Aus­tralia.

1799

Syd­ney Jail, built of dou­ble lay­ers of logs at great ex­pense, is burned down by ar­son­ists who are never iden­ti­fied. Some of the 20 pris­on­ers, clamped in irons, are res­cued with dif­fi­culty.

1824

St James’ Church, Syd­ney, de­signed by Francis Green­way, is con­se­crated by the Rev. Sa­muel Mars­den, known as the Flog­ging Par­son. It still stands, next to Hyde Park.

1979

Ay­a­tol­lah Ruhol­lah Khome­ini seizes power in Iran as prime min­is­ter Shah­pur Bakhtiar, who took over from the Shah, re­signs.

1986

Joan Child, 61, be­comes the first wo­man speaker of the House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives. The grand­mother holds the job for three years.

1990

Af­ter more than 27 years in prison, Nel­son Man­dela, the world’s most fa­mous po­lit­i­cal prisoner, is re­leased.

2006

Ad­ven­turer Steve Fos­sett com­pletes the long­est non­stop flight in avi­a­tion his­tory with an emer­gency land­ing in Eng­land, fly­ing 42,460km in about 76 hours but stop­ping early be­cause of me­chan­i­cal prob­lems.

2009

Navy diver Able Sea­man Paul de Gelder, 31, is at­tacked by a shark while work­ing un­der­wa­ter off Gar­den Is­land in Syd­ney Har­bour, los­ing a hand and a leg.

2018

Amer­i­can singer, song­writer and ac­tor Vic Da­mone dies at the age of 89.

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