Rotorua: A Geothermal Wonderland
Geologists call New Zealand, the rst country the sun shines on, a natural classroom for geology. Comprising of two main islands and many small surrounding islands, the fan-like North Island harbours volcanoes while the narrow South Island has glaciers that are millions of years old. Lots of geothermal activity, the comfortable climate, clean environment and unmarred natural scenery make this Paci c island country a tourist attraction for its unique landscape and bio-diversity that is found nowhere else in the world.
Rotorua lies in the heart of the North Island. The name means “the second great lake” in the local language. Located a 3-hour drive from Auckland, it was founded in 1880 by pioneers who were stunned by the unique pink and white terraces dotted through the area. It was touted as “the eighth wonder of the world”. Unfortunately, both the wonder and the nearby town were destroyed in a volcanic eruption in 1886.
Nature bequeathed Rotorua with yet more beauty when the chaos from the eruption ended. Many visitors were attracted to see and experience the new wonders for themselves. Seeing the potential, the New Zealand government rebuilt a small town on the site to cater for the prospering tourism business.
北島中部的城市羅托魯拉Rotorua 是毛利語『第二大湖』的縮寫，距離第一大城奧克蘭230 公里約 3小時車程，它曾是當地原住民毛利人的生活居所。1880年時，先驅者被眼前獨特的粉紅色和白矽土階地景色所驚嘆，世人稱其為『世界第八大奇蹟』，但卻在1886 年的火山噴發中，奇蹟與上百毛利人一起被覆蓋在火山灰之下，成為歷史。
Water from deep underground is heated up by tectonic plates moving and stirring up the magma causing the water to bubble to the surface, forming natural hot springs. British and New Zealand soldiers rehabilitating after WWI found the Rotorua hot springs rejuvenating and the word soon spread, attracting tourists from all over the world. The attraction has never waned, with the bubbling mud pools and shooting geysers bringing over 800,000 visitors every year.
如今，當地的地熱噴泉已成為遊客最愛，每年吸引至少 80 萬的遊客。
Lady Knox Geyser has been visited by millions of tourists, for a very good reason. Local folklore tells that in 1901, some prisoners were washing clothes near the site. They saw steam drifting from the mouth of the spring and decided to throw a piece of soap into it. The spring erupted and continued to shoot for an hour, with the last burst reaching as high as 20 metres. This happy accident has led to a highlight for many who visit New Zealand, with the local guide throwing a piece of soap into the spring every day at 10:15 am, guaranteeing a one- hour show.
The nearby Waiotapu park area is a spectacular showcase of New Zealand's most colourful and unique geothermal elements formed by millions of years of volcanic activity. The Artist's Palette, one of the main features, gets its name from the various colours displayed on the lake’ surface. The pungent smell of sulphur, clouds of steam and rumbling sounds of volcanic activity are a natural part of life here.
羅托魯拉附近的 Waiotapu 地區完整保存著當年火山噴發後遺留的礦物質，形成了今天各種顏色的湖面，有人稱此地為『藝術家的調色盤』，厚重的硫磺味和濕熱氣息始終瀰漫在空氣中，時不時還能聽到岩漿冒泡的獨特聲響。
Rotorua has something to please everyone, from the incredible mud pools, geysers and hot springs to wineries...
The Rotorua region is in the heart of ancient, almost extinct volcanoes which have had no recorded activity for many years. However, geologists predict that more devastating eruptions as severe as the one in 1886 that wiped out the eighth wonder of the world will occur again - it’s just a matter of time. This sulphur city is sitting within the Pacific rim of fire.
Rotorua has something to please everyone, from the incredible mud pools, geysers and hot springs to wineries, Whakarewarerwa Forest, Rainbow Springs Nature Park, crystalclear lakes, a wild life park, local Maori heritage, not to mention a wide variety of land and water sports. Its diverse range of attractions and experiences ensures that everyone, from adventure seeking singles to families to those just looking to unwind will have an unforgettable experience.