Ard Choille Her­itage Gar­dens

蘇格蘭風的桃花源

Vision Magazine - - Contents - ENGLISH TEXT BY GABY KLIKA CHI­NESE TEXT BY LOTUS LEE PHOTOS PROVIDED BY ARD CHOILLE

蘇格蘭風的桃花源

Tucked away in a fold of the hills, un­de­tectable from above or be­low, is a gem of Vic­to­ria’s Mt. Mace­don that is prac­ti­cally un­known: Ard Choille. Pro­nounced Arda Hil­lier it de­rives from High­land Clan Mac­gre­gor’s war cry, mean­ing “Height of the Woods”.

Estab­lished in the 1890’s by Wil­liam Mac­gre­gor to re­sem­ble a hill sta­tion of his na­tive Scot­land, its ponds, sweep­ing lawns and ma­jes­tic trees per­fectly cap­ture the look and feel of 19th gar­dens and ranks among the largest and most beau­ti­ful ex­am­ples of its kind in Aus­tralia. Thanks to the site’s unique cool cli­mate and rich soil Mac­gre­gor’s land­scape de­signer, Wil­liam Sang­ster, chose trees favoured by the Scot­tish such as birch, elm, oak, fir, dog­woods and tree ferns. Their un­der­story is re­plete with rhodo­den­drons and myr­i­ads of daf­fodils, free for the pick­ing in the spring. Bird life and na­tive an­i­mals abound. A rare 19th cen­tury metal nd shade house pro­vides an added at­trac­tion. Of his­tor­i­cal sig­nif­i­cance is the fact that the cel­e­brated Aus­tralian Im­pres­sion­ist painter, Fred­er­ick Mc­cub­bin, im­mor­talised Ard Choille’s land­scape in his iconic paint­ing, The Pi­o­neer 1904. Lit­tle won­der then that the Na­tional Trust clas­si­fied Ard Choille in 1991 as one of the twelve out­stand­ing gar­dens of Mt. Mace­don, of “ex­cep­tional in­ter­est” and un­usual for sit­ting on the North­ern rather than the South­ern Slopes of the moun­tain.

Though still in pri­vate hands the gar­den is open to the pub­lic year round but by ap­point­ment only.

陶淵明《桃花源記》中記載道,「復前行,欲窮其林。林盡水源,便得一山。山有小口,彷彿若有光。」此情此景,彷彿也是對尋訪 Ard Choille 花園的描寫,花圈位於維多利亞群山的山澗隱蔽處,遊客稱其為世外桃源。

Ard Choille 花園距離墨爾本市中心大約 75公里處,由來自蘇格蘭的殖民者 Wil­liam Mac­gre­gor 建造於 1880年。據記載,遠在墨爾本的Mac­gre­gor 為了那份思念故土之情,請來了景觀設計師 Wil­liam Sang­ster仿造家鄉的樣子打造這個花園,設計師選擇了蘇格蘭人偏愛的樹木,如樺樹,榆樹,橡樹,冷杉,山茱萸和樹蕨等。

落成的花園中有漂亮的池塘,遼闊的草坪,雄偉的樹木,處處遍滿杜鵑花和水仙,當春天來臨時,花園中繁花盛開,枝繁葉茂,百鳥棲息。

在澳洲多個源於19 世紀的花園中,Ard Choille 是經典的代表之一。澳大利亞著名畫家 Fred­er­ick Mc­cub­bin 曾在其作品《先鋒 1904》中完美的描繪出 Ard Choille 花園的景象。

1991年,澳洲國家信託基金將Ard Choille 花園收錄在澳洲十二個傑出歷史花園行列中。雖然該花園是私人產業,但全年春秋兩季,花園會接受預約而對外開放。

Fred­er­ick Mc­cub­bin The Pi­o­neer 1904 © NA­TIONAL GALLERY OF VIC­TO­RIA

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