National Gallery of Australia
ENGLISH TEXT BY CECILIA KWAN CHINESE TEXT BY YING LEE
Sitting on the shores of Canberra’s Lake Burley Grif n, National Gallery of Australia (NGA) is home to Australia’s national collections of art with world-class exhibitions on show. Since opening to the public in 1982, it has become Australia’s largest art gallery, housing the world’s most comprehensive collection of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander works, comprised of more than 7,500 pieces.
澳 大利亞國家美術館（National Gallery of Australia，nga）坐落在堪培拉風景優美的格里芬湖（Lake Burley Griffin）岸邊。從1982年對外開放至今才經過短短的36年，它已經成為澳洲最大的藝術博物館。
The NGA, famous for its soaring windows set in a modernist triangular structure, is just one among Canberra’s abundant museum offerings. The galleries are set out in 11 rooms across three levels, while the walls of the main exhibition room being twisted and trapezoidal, forming thousands of different shapes.
The NGA collection includes more than 160,000 works of art across four main areas of Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander art, Asian art, European and American art. All works in the gallery belong to the people of Australia and are preserved and presented for their enjoyment and education. The Gallery’s mission is to make the collections as widely appreciated across the world as it is here in Australia. Almost every big name from the Australian and international art worlds is represented here. Famous works include one of Monet’s works from the iconic Water Lilies series, Salvador Dali’s Lobster Telephone, a triptych by Francis Bacon, an Andy Warhol Elvis print and possibly the most famous of all, Jackson Pollock’sblue Poles.
Most of the collection can be viewed free of charge, except for the special exhibitions. “We don’t make any profit from the exhibitions. The charges are just a way for us to cover the costs of arranging the transportation of the often priceless international pieces.” said Gerard Vaughan, former NGA Director.
The recent Cartier: The Exhibition was the most outstanding collection of important jewels Australia has ever seen and would ever likely to see again. These valuable items were borrowed from collections all over the world, including the British royal family. Mr Vaughan described it as “an unmissable opportunity to see masterpieces of this craftsmanship and quality up close.”
The other major “must see” is the Sculpture Garden designed by Harry Howard, and Associates and James Mollison, the first Gallery Director to complement the magnificent building with his own work. Statues and monuments are set amongst green trees and clear water, creating an atmosphere of tranquil harmony.
「美術館內收藏的精品超過16萬件，除了當代藝術和西洋藝術品外，也典藏了澳洲原住民的工藝創作。其中很多作品都是具有幾百上千年歷史的真跡，」美術館前館長Gerard Vaughan 說道。
其中最知名的藝術品之一就是傑克遜‧ 波洛克（Jackson Pollock）於 1952年完成的《藍色枝條》，法國野獸派畫家馬蒂斯的《歐羅巴和公牛》，標誌法國現代藝術開端的油畫《塞納河畔的少女》、俄羅斯藝術家卡西米爾‧馬利維奇的《建 造中的房子》、意大利羅可可畫派的典型作品《金光燦爛的天花板》、印象派畫家莫奈的油畫《池塘中的睡蓮》和萊熱晚年的巨幅壁畫等也都是非常值得欣賞的館藏藝術珍品。
這些常年展出的藝術品都供免費參觀的。但也有付費超級特展。「所有的藝術展出對美術館都是沒有利潤的，收費的內容可能來自世界性作品的安排和運輸，因為藝術本身是無價的。」 Gerard 說道。
「例如與 Cartier 的合作，我們 在全球『借』來了展出作品，件件價值連城，還有美國大師級的藝術作品等等，希望讓堪培拉居民甚至全澳居民與全球藝術接軌，得以欣賞全球性的藝術作品」Gerard說道。
Stroll through walkways of history, art, culture and inspiration