Na­tional Gallery of Aus­tralia

ENGLISH TEXT BY CECILIA KWAN CHI­NESE TEXT BY YING LEE

Vision Magazine - - Contents - PHOTOS SUPPLIED BY NGA

澳大利亞國家美術館

Sit­ting on the shores of Can­berra’s Lake Bur­ley Grif n, Na­tional Gallery of Aus­tralia (NGA) is home to Aus­tralia’s na­tional col­lec­tions of art with world-class ex­hi­bi­tions on show. Since open­ing to the pub­lic in 1982, it has be­come Aus­tralia’s largest art gallery, hous­ing the world’s most com­pre­hen­sive col­lec­tion of Abo­rig­i­nal and Tor­res Strait Is­lan­der works, com­prised of more than 7,500 pieces.

澳 大利亞國家美術館(Na­tional Gallery of Aus­tralia,nga)坐落在堪培拉風景優美的格里芬湖(Lake Bur­ley Grif­fin)岸邊。從1982年對外開放至今才經過短短的36年,它已經成為澳洲最大的藝術博物館。

The NGA, fa­mous for its soar­ing win­dows set in a mod­ernist tri­an­gu­lar struc­ture, is just one among Can­berra’s abun­dant mu­seum of­fer­ings. The gal­leries are set out in 11 rooms across three lev­els, while the walls of the main ex­hi­bi­tion room be­ing twisted and trape­zoidal, form­ing thou­sands of dif­fer­ent shapes.

The NGA col­lec­tion in­cludes more than 160,000 works of art across four main ar­eas of Abo­rig­i­nal & Tor­res Strait Is­lan­der art, Asian art, Euro­pean and Amer­i­can art. All works in the gallery be­long to the peo­ple of Aus­tralia and are pre­served and pre­sented for their en­joy­ment and ed­u­ca­tion. The Gallery’s mis­sion is to make the col­lec­tions as widely ap­pre­ci­ated across the world as it is here in Aus­tralia. Al­most every big name from the Aus­tralian and in­ter­na­tional art worlds is rep­re­sented here. Fa­mous works in­clude one of Monet’s works from the iconic Water Lilies se­ries, Sal­vador Dali’s Lob­ster Tele­phone, a trip­tych by Fran­cis Ba­con, an Andy Warhol Elvis print and pos­si­bly the most fa­mous of all, Jack­son Pol­lock’sblue Poles.

Most of the col­lec­tion can be viewed free of charge, ex­cept for the spe­cial ex­hi­bi­tions. “We don’t make any profit from the ex­hi­bi­tions. The charges are just a way for us to cover the costs of ar­rang­ing the trans­porta­tion of the of­ten price­less in­ter­na­tional pieces.” said Ger­ard Vaughan, for­mer NGA Di­rec­tor.

The re­cent Cartier: The Ex­hi­bi­tion was the most out­stand­ing col­lec­tion of im­por­tant jew­els Aus­tralia has ever seen and would ever likely to see again. These valu­able items were bor­rowed from col­lec­tions all over the world, in­clud­ing the Bri­tish royal fam­ily. Mr Vaughan de­scribed it as “an un­miss­able op­por­tu­nity to see mas­ter­pieces of this crafts­man­ship and qual­ity up close.”

The other ma­jor “must see” is the Sculp­ture Gar­den de­signed by Harry Howard, and As­so­ci­ates and James Mol­li­son, the first Gallery Di­rec­tor to com­ple­ment the mag­nif­i­cent build­ing with his own work. Stat­ues and mon­u­ments are set amongst green trees and clear water, cre­at­ing an at­mos­phere of tran­quil har­mony.

美術館的正面堂皇與莊嚴,它內部造型獨特,共有 11間美術展覽室別設在3層樓中。主要展廳的牆壁成曲折的梯形,千迴百轉,形態各異,就像是幽房曲室中的重重圍屏。

「美術館內收藏的精品超過16萬件,除了當代藝術和西洋藝術品外,也典藏了澳洲原住民的工藝創作。其中很多作品都是具有幾百上千年歷史的真跡,」美術館前館長Ger­ard Vaughan 說道。

其中最知名的藝術品之一就是傑克遜‧ 波洛克(Jack­son Pol­lock)於 1952年完成的《藍色枝條》,法國野獸派畫家馬蒂斯的《歐羅巴和公牛》,標誌法國現代藝術開端的油畫《塞納河畔的少女》、俄羅斯藝術家卡西米爾‧馬利維奇的《建 造中的房子》、意大利羅可可畫派的典型作品《金光燦爛的天花板》、印象派畫家莫奈的油畫《池塘中的睡蓮》和萊熱晚年的巨幅壁畫等也都是非常值得欣賞的館藏藝術珍品。

這些常年展出的藝術品都供免費參觀的。但也有付費超級特展。「所有的藝術展出對美術館都是沒有利潤的,收費的內容可能來自世界性作品的安排和運輸,因為藝術本身是無價的。」 Ger­ard 說道。

「例如與 Cartier 的合作,我們 在全球『借』來了展出作品,件件價值連城,還有美國大師級的藝術作品等等,希望讓堪培拉居民甚至全澳居民與全球藝術接軌,得以欣賞全球性的藝術作品」Ger­ard說道。

除此之外,哈里‧霍華德(Harry Howard)設計的雕塑公園也是國家美術館的一大亮點,園內的樹木叢中,安放著50個人物雕像和紀念碑,在綠樹、碧水的襯托下,整個花園的景色和諧、寧靜。

Stroll through walk­ways of his­tory, art, cul­ture and in­spi­ra­tion

徜徉在藝術殿堂裡,猶如行走在時間隧道,濃濃的藝術氣息與神奇的體驗交織在一起,就彷彿一個古老的聲音吟唱著不屬於當今的歌謠……

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