EX­PLA­NA­TIONS

Business Spotlight - - LANGUAGE -

Both some and any nor­mally de­scribe an in­def­i­nite quan­tity. As de­ter­min­ers, they are usu­ally fol­lowed by the plu­ral form of a count­able noun or by an un­count­able ⋅ noun:

Have you re­ceived any in­ter­est­ing ap­plica⋅ tions?

…peo­ple who have some ex­pe­ri­ence work­ing in the ho­tel in­dus­try.

How­ever, if we mean “it doesn’t mat­ter which or who”, ⋅ we can use any with a sin­gu­lar count­able noun: We’ll hire any can­di­date who’s worked for our group be­fore.

When re­fer­ring to an un­known per­son or thing, we can also use some with a sin­gu­lar count­able noun. How­ever, this is po­ten­tially more neg­a­tive than a sim­ple ⋅ ar­ti­cle (“a”/“an”):

…apart from run­ning some stall on the beach.

Ac­cord­ing to the ba­sic rule, some is used in af­fir­ma­tive clauses, while any is used in neg­a­tive clauses and ⋅ ques­tions:

…peo­ple who have some ex­pe­ri­ence work­ing in the ho­tel in­dus­try. ⋅ ⋅

They wouldn’t need any ac­com­mo­da­tion.

Have you re­ceived any in­ter­est­ing ap­pli­ca­tions?

How­ever, some is used in ques­tions if they are of­fers or re­quests and/or we ex­pect the answer to be “yes”: ⋅ ⋅ Would you like some mauby?

Could I have some more?

Any is also used in pos­i­tive state­ments if these have a ⋅ lim­it­ing or neg­a­tive mean­ing:

Hardly any have qual­i­fi­ca­tions.

⋅ Some and any can also be used as pro­nouns: I’d love some, thanks.

They can be com­ple­mented by “of” + noun phrase/ pro­noun: ⋅

Some of the more in­ter­est­ing ap­pli­ca­tions are from peo­ple we know.

For in­def­i­nite pro­nouns be­gin­ning with some or any, the ⋅ ba­sic rules are the same as those de­scribed above: It’s im­por­tant that the lo­cals feel they’re get­ting some­thing out of it.

When used be­fore num­bers, some means “ap­prox­i­mately”: ⋅

We’re look­ing for some 200 peo­ple.

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