1917: Bri­tain takes over Pales­tine from the Ot­toman Em­pire and sup­ports a na­tional home for the Jewish peo­ple in the Bal­four Dec­la­ra­tion

1920: The Bri­tish are given a man­date over Pales­tine by the League of Na­tions 1940s: Around six mil­lion Jews are mur­dered in the Holo­caust

1948: Bri­tish man­date ends and Is­rael de­clares in­de­pen­dence

1948–49: First Arab-is­raeli War; 750,000 Pales­tini­ans flee or are forced by Is­raeli forces to leave their homes


1960s: Hun­dreds of thou­sands of Jews ar­rive in Is­rael — some Holo­caust sur­vivors, oth­ers from around the wider Mid­dle East

1950s: Is­rael be­gins its nu­clear weapons pro­gramme

1956–57: Bri­tain, France and Is­rael in­vade Egypt to force open the Suez Canal 1961: Adolf Eich­mann is placed on trial and ex­e­cuted in Is­rael for Nazi war crimes 1967: Is­rael wins the Six Day War against Egypt, Jor­dan and Syria

1972: Pales­tinian gun­men take mem­bers of the Is­raeli Olympic team hostage in Mu­nich, killing two. Nine more are killed dur­ing at­tempts of Ger­man po­lice to free the rest

1976: Is­raeli com­man­dos free 100 Is­raeli and non-is­raeli Jewish hostages at Uganda’s En­tebbe Air­port from Pales­tinian and Ger­man gun­men 1982: Is­rael in­vades Le­banon; Is­rael’s de­fence min­is­ter, Ariel Sharon, loses his post for his role in mas­sacre of Pales­tini­ans at Sabra and Shatila camps in Beirut

1985: Is­rael with­draws from most of Le­banon

1986: For­mer nu­clear tech­ni­cian Mordechai Va­nunu pro­vides de­tails to The

Sun­day Times about Is­rael’s se­cret nu­clear pro­gramme and arse­nal. Se­cret in­tel­li­gence agency Mos­sad kid­naps him and he spends ten years in soli­tary con­fine­ment in an Is­raeli prison

1987: First In­tifada, an up­ris­ing in the Oc­cu­pied Ter­ri­to­ries

1993: Is­rael’s Yitzhak Rabin and the

PLO’S Yasser Arafat sign the Oslo Dec­la­ra­tion 1994: Rabin, Arafat and Is­raeli for­eign min­is­ter Shi­mon Peres awarded the No­bel Peace Prize

1995: Yi­gal Amir, a re­li­gious fa­natic, mur­ders Rabin

1996: Prime Min­is­ter Ben­jamin Ne­tanyahu re­sumes set­tle­ment ex­pan­sion 2018: Is­rael’s Na­tion­al­ity Law, passed in July, states that Is­rael is the na­tional home­land of the Jewish peo­ple. It says that the whole of Jerusalem is the united cap­i­tal of Is­rael and He­brew is the of­fi­cial lan­guage

1994: Arafat, Peres and Rabin

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