What did they say?

Spotlight - - GRAMMAR TALES -

When the prince asks the con­tes­tants, “How did you sleep?”, each one re­sponds dif­fer­ently, but they all use

ad­verbs to de­scribe how they slept.

Amelia says:

“Very well.”

And Carme­line says: “Very peace­fully.”

Brigid says:

“I slept fine.”

A lot of ad­verbs are formed by adding “-ly” to the end of the ad­jec­tive:

deep deeply; peace­ful peace­fully; ee⋅ sound soundly e

I had a peace­ful night. I slept peace­fully.

Some ad­jec­tives and ad­verbs have the same form:

fast fast; fine fine; hard hard; eee ⋅ late late; straight straight e e

She’s do­ing fine. She’s do­ing a fine job.

The first “fine” above is an ad­verb; the sec­ond is an ad­jec­tive.

In some cases, the ad­verb can have two forms — one like the ad­jec­tive and one end­ing with “-ly”. The two dif­fer­ent forms usu­ally have dif­fer­ent mean­ings, how­ever.

Finely means “cut into very small pieces”: ⋅

She cut the onion finely. Hardly means “very lit­tle” or “al­most ⋅ not”:

I hardly slept at all. ⋅ Lately means “re­cently”:

Have you seen any good shows lately?

Well is the ad­verb cor­re­spond­ing to ⋅ good:

I had a very good night. I slept well.

Ex­er­cise

Choose the cor­rect words to com­plete the fol­low­ing sen­tences.

A. Fer­di­nand had a good | well heart.

B. Amelia didn’t get on good | well

with the other women. C. Fer­di­nand had tried hard | hardly

to find a suitable part­ner. D. Brigid hard | hardly slept be­cause

the bed was so un­com­fort­able. E. Fer­di­nand ner­vous | ner­vously

waited for Brigid’s an­swer. F. Carme­line and the prince had never had a proper | prop­erly con­ver­sa­tion.

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