Na­tional mu­si­cians got round of ap­plause in China

Azer News - - Culture & Lifestyle - By La­man Is­may­ilova

YThe con­cert was at­tended by the Kun­ming In­ter­na­tional Phil­har­monic Phil­har­monic un­der the ba­ton of Hon­ored Artist of Azer­bai­jan, con­duc­tor of the State Aca­demic Opera and Bal­let The­ater, Eyyub Guliyev, and fa­mous soloists from Azer­bai­jan and Be­larus.

The con­cert was or­ga­nized with the sup­port of the Azer­bai­jani Em­bassy in China and the Kun­ming Cul­ture In­sti­tute.

The of­fi­cial part of the event was made by the Azer­bai­jani Am­bas­sador to China Akram Zey­nalli. It was noted that the con­cert of the Azer­bai­jani con­duc­tor and the fa­mous Chi­nese sym­phony or­ches­tra once again tes­ti­fies to the close friendly ties be­tween the cul­tural fig­ures of the two coun­tries.

The great sym­phonic works of Azer­bai­jan and China sounded at the con­cert. An over­ture to the opera "Koroglu" by Uzeyir Ha­jibeyli, sym­phonic en­grav­ings "Don Quixote", ex­cerpts from the bal­let "Seven Beau­ties" and "Path of Thun­der" by Gara Garayev "Azer­bai­jan Capric­cio" by Fikret Amirov , "Torch Fes­ti­val" by Wang Xilin and "Ode" Liu Kum­ing sounded at the con­cert.

Alex Shasholko (Be­larus) and vi­o­lin­ist Samir Asadov thrilled the au­di­ence.

On May 28, 1918, Azer­bai­jan de­clared its in­de­pen­dence es­tab­lish­ing the Azer­bai­jan Demo­cratic Re­pub­lic, which be­came the first sec­u­lar par­lia­men­tary democ­racy in the Mus­lim World and rec­og­nized by other demo­cratic na­tions, in­clud­ing the United States of Amer­ica.

Dur­ing the short pe­riod of in­de­pen­dence Azer­bai­jan granted all peo­ple the rights to vote re­gard­less of race, gen­der, eth­nic­ity, and re­li­gion, be­com­ing the first Mus­lim na­tion to give women equal po­lit­i­cal rights with men, an ac­com­plish­ment pre­ced­ing the United States. Azer­bai­jan’s in­de­pen­dence was in­ter­rupted in 1920, when it was in­vaded by Bol­she­vists, and force­fully in­cor­po­rated into the USSR in 1922 to re­store its in­de­pen­dence only in 1991.

Hav­ing syn­the­sized East­ern and Western mu­si­cal tra­di­tions, his works cover es­sen­tially all gen­res. The works by Gara Garayev are per­formed all over the world.

Garayev in­her­ited his love of mu­sic from his par­ents. His father Ebul­faz Garayev was a fa­mous pe­di­a­tri­cian in Baku. Ebul­faz Garayev was known for his kind­ness and gen­eros­ity. When pa­tients were too poor to pay for treat­ment, he often left money un­der the pre­scrip­tion that he had writ­ten out for them.

He knew Azer­bai­jani folk mu­sic very well and loved to sing. Garayev's mother, Sona Khanim, was among the first grad­u­ates of the Mu­sic School, the Baku branch of the Rus­sian Mu­sic So­ci­ety.

At the age of eight, Garayev first en­tered the ju­nior mu­sic school at the Azer­bai­jan State Con­ser­va­toire. His ex­cep­tional mu­si­cal tal­ents let him to study si­mul­ta­ne­ously in two fac­ul­ties at the con­ser­va­toire. His teach­ers were Ge­orgi Sharoyev, Leonid Ru­dolf, and the prom­i­nent Azer­bai­jani com­poser Uzeyir Ha­jibeyli.

In 1938, Garayev com­posed his first mu­si­cal piece, a can­tata "The Song of the Heart" to the poem by Ra­sul Rza. It was per­formed in Moscow's Bol­shoi The­ater in the same year. He was only 20 years old at the time.

Garayev re­turned to Baku in 1941. He be­gan teach­ing stu­dents at Azer­bai­jan State Phil­har­monic So­ci­ety.

In 1945, both he and Jov­dat Ha­jiyev wrote the "Moth­er­land" opera, for which they were awarded a pres­ti­gious Stalin Prize. At the age of 30, Garayev was again awarded this prize for his sym­phonic poem "Leyli and Ma­j­nun", based on the same-ti­tled fa­mous work of Nizami Gan­javi.

In 1952, un­der the di­rec­tion of the chore­og­ra­pher P. A. Gu­sev, Garayev's "Seven Beau­ties" bal­let was staged at the Azer­bai­jani The­ater of Opera and Bal­let. Based on Nizami Gan­javi's fa­mous poem, "Seven Beau­ties", it be­came the first Azer­bai­jani bal­let and opened a new chap­ter in the his­tory of clas­si­cal mu­sic of Azer­bai­jan.

His bal­let, "Path of Thun­der", staged in 1958, was ded­i­cated to racial con­flicts in South Africa. In the same year, he wrote the score for the doc­u­men­tary film" A Story About the Oil Work­ers of the Caspian Sea", di­rected by Ro­man Kar­men and set at the Oil Rocks.

Through his life, Garayev wrote nearly 110 mu­si­cal pieces, in­clud­ing bal­lets, op­eras, sym­phonic and cham­ber pieces, so­los for pi­ano, can­tatas, songs and marches, and rose to promi­nence not only in Azer­bai­jan, but also world­wide.

He bril­liantly jux­ta­posed fea­tures of Mugham with jazz, blues, African mu­sic, Euro­pean coun­ter­point styles, and de­vel­op­ments re­lated to the 20th cen­tury Western mu­sic such as the 12-tone tech­nique.

Garayev died on May 13, 1982 in Moscow at the age of 64.

The com­poser leaved be­hind a legacy of mu­sic that will be felt for gen­er­a­tions to come. The mem­ory of great com­poser will al­ways live in the hearts of Azer­bai­jani peo­ple.

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