Mas­sive pop­u­la­tion ex­o­dus on­go­ing in Ar­me­nia

Azer News - - Karabakh Conflict - By Rashid Shiri­nov

DThe last slight in­crease in Ar­me­nia’s pop­u­la­tion was ob­served back in 2013, when it reached 3,026 mil­lion peo­ple, as the of­fi­cial data says. Since then, there has been a sta­ble out­flow, slip­ping to 2,972 mil­lion peo­ple last year. This sug­gests that the migration from Ar­me­nia is sys­tem­atic, and the gov­ern­ment still fails to achieve suc­cess in its so­cioe­co­nomic pol­icy in or­der to stop the out­flow.

Peo­ple’s em­i­gra­tion from Ar­me­nia have sev­eral rea­sons for this, and one of them is the ter­ri­ble un­em­ploy­ment reign­ing in the coun­try. As a re­sult, more than 200,000 of eco­nom­i­cally ac­tive peo­ple in Ar­me­nia are presently un­em­ployed, and this is only the of­fi­cial data. The main in­come of many fam­i­lies in Ar­me­nia, es­pe­cially those who live in prov­inces, is the money sent by their sons or hus­bands who work in Russia.

An­other rea­son for the out­flow of pop­u­la­tion from Ar­me­nia is the in­jus­tice widely spread at var­i­ous lev­els in the coun­try. The clan sys­tem in the up­per ech­e­lons of power, the in­volve­ment of the au­thor­i­ties in the crim­i­nal world, the cor­rupt ju­di­cial sys­tem make peo­ple be­lieve that it is im­pos­si­ble to achieve jus­tice in the coun­try if you do not have ac­quain­tances in high places.

Of course, the long-stand­ing Ar­me­nia-Azer­bai­jan Nagorno-Karabakh con­flict is also among the rea­sons for em­i­gra­tion of Ar­me­ni­ans. The mil­i­tary rhetoric of the for­mer and cur­rent Ar­me­nian lead­er­ship, the con­stant mil­i­ta­riza­tion of the coun­try can­not but af­fect the life of peo­ple in a neg­a­tive way. At the same time, the Ar­me­ni­ans are well aware that in case of re­sump­tion of hos­til­i­ties, the con­se­quences of the war will be cat­a­strophic for Ar­me­nia.

An­other im­por­tant point in this re­gard is the fact that due to the Ar­me­nian ag­gres­sion against Azer­bai­jan and the ground­less claims against Turkey, the two coun­tries stopped eco­nomic ties with Ar­me­nia and closed the state bor­ders with the coun­try. The Azer­bai­jani and Turk­ish lead­er­ship have many times noted that the re­sump­tion of re­la­tions with Ar­me­nia is only pos­si­ble after the with­drawal of the Ar­me­nian armed forces from the oc­cu­pied ter­ri­to­ries of Azer­bai­jan.

Thus, the new Ar­me­nian gov­ern­ment still has many prob­lems to ad­dress in or­der to stop the con­stant out­flow of the pop­u­la­tion, and it is hard to be­lieve that it will be able to achieve tan­gi­ble progress in this in the near fu­ture.

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