Another solar power plant commissioned
Asolar power plant in Baku’s Sahil settlement has been connected to the power grid.
Deputy Chairman of the Azerbaijani State Agency for Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources Jamil Malikov told Trend that the capacity of the power plant is 2.8 megawatts.
Today, solar power plants operate in Azerbaijan’s Gobustan and Samukh towns, as well as Baku’s Pirallahi, Surakhani and Sahil settlements.
“The solar power plant in Sahil has already been connected to the grid and it is operating,” he said, further adding that at the same time, preparation is underway to connect the solar power plant in Sumgait.
The capacity of Azerbaijan’s energy system is more than 6,000 megawatts. At the same time, the potential of renewable energy sources in the country is over 25,300 megavolt-amperes, according to experts. Most of the country’s renewable energy potential accounts for solar energy.
The State Agency for Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources of Azerbaijan plans to implement 23 projects worth about 13 million manats ($7.65 million) as part of the Strategic Roadmap for the Development of Public Utilities (Electric and Thermal Energy, Water and Gas) in 2018-2020.
For many millions of years, the planet in its bowels has accumulated a myriad of coal, hydrocarbons in the form of oil and natural gas. Mankind has learned to use this wealth for its purposes as sources of energy for the development of civilization.
According to the most optimistic forecasts, by the middle of this century, we will reach a point where half of the world’s oil reserves will be pumped out.
Humanity needs to switch to other sources of electricity production, not dependent on hydrocarbons. In other words, in the coming decades, it is necessary to actively seek out and use alternative sources of energy.
Traditional sources transform into electric kinetic energy moving water - HPS and thermal energy of fuel - TPS, operating on oil, natural gas and coal. An alternative source of energy replaces traditional sources.
These are the energy of water movement in the oceans and seas, wind, solar radiation, biomass, atom decay, etc. Wind energy is most often used in countries of Western Europe, the U.S., India, and China.
For example, Denmark receives 25 percent of energy as a result of using wind. Solar power stations operate in more than 80 countries.
So, the largest wind farm at the moment is located in the state of California (the U.S.), the total capacity of which is 1550 MW. An interesting fact is that over $100 billion have been invested in the world in 2008 in winds, sun and bioenergy.
The idea of hydrogen energy, the production of electricity in photovoltaic cells located in near-earth orbit or on the Moon is being studied. Electricity will be transmitted to the Earth in the form of microwave radiation.
Of the listed ways of obtaining alternative energy in Azerbaijan, solar and wind energy have started to develop.
Azerbaijan has the potential for wind power, which blows more than 250 days per year and may generate over 2.4 billion kWh of electricity annually, and it offers 2,400-3,200 hours of sunshine per year. Azerbaijan therefore has promising potential for solar electricity and heat generation, however, hydro power is currently its most developed renewable energy source.
Under the leadership of the President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, the state program for the development of these types of energy until 2020 is being successfully implemented.