An­other so­lar power plant com­mis­sioned

Azer News - - Nation - By Sara Is­rafil­bay­ova

Aso­lar power plant in Baku’s Sahil set­tle­ment has been con­nected to the power grid.

Deputy Chair­man of the Azer­bai­jani State Agency for Al­ter­na­tive and Re­new­able En­ergy Sources Jamil Ma­likov told Trend that the ca­pac­ity of the power plant is 2.8 megawatts.

To­day, so­lar power plants op­er­ate in Azer­bai­jan’s Go­bus­tan and Sa­mukh towns, as well as Baku’s Pi­ral­lahi, Su­rakhani and Sahil set­tle­ments.

“The so­lar power plant in Sahil has al­ready been con­nected to the grid and it is op­er­at­ing,” he said, fur­ther adding that at the same time, prepa­ra­tion is un­der­way to con­nect the so­lar power plant in Sum­gait.

The ca­pac­ity of Azer­bai­jan’s en­ergy sys­tem is more than 6,000 megawatts. At the same time, the po­ten­tial of re­new­able en­ergy sources in the coun­try is over 25,300 mega­volt-am­peres, ac­cord­ing to ex­perts. Most of the coun­try’s re­new­able en­ergy po­ten­tial ac­counts for so­lar en­ergy.

The State Agency for Al­ter­na­tive and Re­new­able En­ergy Sources of Azer­bai­jan plans to im­ple­ment 23 projects worth about 13 mil­lion man­ats ($7.65 mil­lion) as part of the Strate­gic Roadmap for the De­vel­op­ment of Pub­lic Util­i­ties (Elec­tric and Ther­mal En­ergy, Wa­ter and Gas) in 2018-2020.

For many mil­lions of years, the planet in its bow­els has ac­cu­mu­lated a myr­iad of coal, hy­dro­car­bons in the form of oil and nat­u­ral gas. Mankind has learned to use this wealth for its pur­poses as sources of en­ergy for the de­vel­op­ment of civ­i­liza­tion.

Ac­cord­ing to the most op­ti­mistic fore­casts, by the mid­dle of this cen­tury, we will reach a point where half of the world’s oil re­serves will be pumped out.

Hu­man­ity needs to switch to other sources of elec­tric­ity pro­duc­tion, not de­pen­dent on hy­dro­car­bons. In other words, in the com­ing decades, it is nec­es­sary to ac­tively seek out and use al­ter­na­tive sources of en­ergy.

Tra­di­tional sources trans­form into elec­tric ki­netic en­ergy mov­ing wa­ter - HPS and ther­mal en­ergy of fuel - TPS, op­er­at­ing on oil, nat­u­ral gas and coal. An al­ter­na­tive source of en­ergy re­places tra­di­tional sources.

Th­ese are the en­ergy of wa­ter move­ment in the oceans and seas, wind, so­lar ra­di­a­tion, biomass, atom de­cay, etc. Wind en­ergy is most of­ten used in coun­tries of Western Europe, the U.S., In­dia, and China.

For ex­am­ple, Den­mark re­ceives 25 per­cent of en­ergy as a re­sult of us­ing wind. So­lar power sta­tions op­er­ate in more than 80 coun­tries.

So, the largest wind farm at the mo­ment is lo­cated in the state of Cal­i­for­nia (the U.S.), the total ca­pac­ity of which is 1550 MW. An in­ter­est­ing fact is that over $100 bil­lion have been in­vested in the world in 2008 in winds, sun and bioen­ergy.

The idea of hy­dro­gen en­ergy, the pro­duc­tion of elec­tric­ity in pho­to­voltaic cells lo­cated in near-earth or­bit or on the Moon is be­ing stud­ied. Elec­tric­ity will be trans­mit­ted to the Earth in the form of mi­crowave ra­di­a­tion.

Of the listed ways of ob­tain­ing al­ter­na­tive en­ergy in Azer­bai­jan, so­lar and wind en­ergy have started to develop.

Azer­bai­jan has the po­ten­tial for wind power, which blows more than 250 days per year and may gen­er­ate over 2.4 bil­lion kWh of elec­tric­ity an­nu­ally, and it of­fers 2,400-3,200 hours of sun­shine per year. Azer­bai­jan there­fore has promis­ing po­ten­tial for so­lar elec­tric­ity and heat gen­er­a­tion, how­ever, hy­dro power is cur­rently its most de­vel­oped re­new­able en­ergy source.

Un­der the lead­er­ship of the Pres­i­dent of Azer­bai­jan Il­ham Aliyev, the state pro­gram for the de­vel­op­ment of th­ese types of en­ergy un­til 2020 is be­ing suc­cess­fully im­ple­mented.

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