Italy marks cen­ten­nial of Azer­bai­jan Demo­cratic Re­pub­lic

Azer News - - Nation - By La­man Is­may­ilova

The 100th an­niver­sary of the Azer­bai­jan Demo­cratic Re­pub­lic has been solemnly marked in Italy.

The event was co-or­ga­nized by the Hey­dar Aliyev Foun­da­tion, the Em­bassy of Azer­bai­jan in France and the Holy See.

The guests first got ac­quainted with the photo and video ma­te­ri­als held by the Hey­dar Aliyev Foun­da­tion.

The ex­hi­bi­tion cov­ered the meet­ings of the founders of the first Re­pub­lic, the Dec­la­ra­tion of In­de­pen­dence as well as the de­vel­op­ment of the oil in­dus­try.

The ex­po­si­tion aroused great in­ter­est among the par­tic­i­pants. The view­ers were given edi­tions about the his­tory of Azer­bai­jan in Ital­ian.

Ad­dress­ing the re­cep­tion held at the Palace of the Can­cel­le­ria, Azer­bai­jani Am­bas­sador to France and the Vat­i­can Rah­man Mustafayev spoke about the es­tab­lish­ment of the Demo­cratic Re­pub­lic of Azer­bai­jan, the suc­cesses achieved in all spheres, cre­ative work in a short time.

He noted that the first parliamentary re­pub­lic in the Is­lamic East­the Demo­cratic Re­pub­lic of Azer­bai­jan was pro­claimed on May 28, 1918.

The ad­vanced state in­sti­tu­tions, a multi-party sys­tem, a plu­ral­is­tic par­lia­ment were es­tab­lished in the coun­try. All cit­i­zens, re­gard­less of eth­nic­ity, gen­der, re­li­gion and so­cial sta­tus had equal rights.

Speak­ing about the suc­cesses achieved by the Azer­bai­jan Demo­cratic Re­pub­lic, the Am­bas­sador noted that the mea­sures taken in the sphere of state build­ing, es­tab­lish­ment of the na­tional an­them, flag and coat of arms opened a new glo­ri­ous page in the his­tory of Azer­bai­jan. He stressed that one of the most im­por­tant achieve­ments of the Azer­bai­jan Demo­cratic Re­pub­lic was giv­ing women the right to vote. It was noted that the rep­re­sen­ta­tives of the great states, who watched the achieve­ments of the first re­pub­lic, wel­comed its lead­ers. In 1919, the Bri­tish High Com­mis­sioner for the Cau­ca­sus, Oliver Wal­drop, said that Azer­bai­jan was the best model for other eth­nic groups in Tran­scau­ca­sia.

Not­ing that Jan­uary 2019 will mark the 25 years of the es­tab­lish­ment of ties be­tween Azer­bai­jan and Vat­i­can, Mustafayev stressed that dur­ing this time, bi­lat­eral ties reached a high level in all ar­eas and are dy­nam­i­cally de­vel­op­ing. He brought to the at­ten­tion that these ties are based on mu­tual re­spect, ac­tive di­a­logue and mu­tu­ally ben­e­fi­cial co­op­er­a­tion.

The Am­bas­sador noted the mu­tual vis­its of the heads of state, in par­tic­u­lar, the visit of Pope John Paul II and Pope Fran­cis to Azer­bai­jan in 2002, the dis­cus­sion of top­i­cal is­sues of bi­lat­eral and in­ter­na­tional re­la­tions dur­ing the visit of the For­eign Min­is­ter of the Vat­i­can, Arch­bishop Paul Richard Gal­lagher, this year. He spoke about the close co­op­er­a­tion of the Hey­dar Aliyev Foun­da­tion and Vat­i­can, as well as the fruits of this joint ac­tiv­ity.

Within the frame­work of this co­op­er­a­tion, the unique sym­bols of the his­tory and cul­ture of the Vat­i­can were re­stored, in­clud­ing Saint Mar­cellino and Pi­etro's cat­a­combs, the sculp­ture of Zeus in the Vat­i­can Mu­seum, the wall niches in the Sis­tine Chapel.

The Am­bas­sador spoke about the dis­cov­ery of the cat­a­combs of St. Se­bas­tian re­stored by the Hey­dar Aliyev Foun­da­tion, whose his­tory is more than 2,000 years old.

It was noted that archival re­search was car­ried out with the sup­port of the Vat­i­can Cul­ture Coun­cil and the Apos­tolic Li­brary, new in­for­ma­tion on such thinkers of the era of medieval Azer­bai­jan as Nizami, Fuzuli, Nasimi and oth­ers was found. It was stressed that Azer­bai­jan in­tends to con­tinue mul­ti­lat­eral co­op­er­a­tion and di­a­logue with Vat­i­can.

He in­formed in de­tail about im­por­tant projects im­ple­mented with the sup­port of the Hey­dar Aliyev Foun­da­tion. Mustafayev stressed that de­spite the fact that most of the coun­try's pop­u­la­tion is Mus­lim, Azer­bai­jan sup­ports the restora­tion of mon­u­ments of Chris­tian re­li­gious and cul­tural her­itage, which is a clear ex­am­ple of In­ter­re­li­gious di­a­logue.

The re­cep­tion ded­i­cated to the 100th an­niver­sary of the Azer­bai­jan Demo­cratic Re­pub­lic con­tin­ued with the na­tional mu­sic pro­gram of Azer­bai­jani artists un­der the guid­ance of Peo­ple's Artist of Azer­bai­jan En­ver Sadikhov and Hon­ored Artist Emil Afrasiyab.

Within the frame­work of the event, a doc­u­men­tary film was shown about the cul­ture, na­ture, eco­nomic suc­cesses of Azer­bai­jan.

The par­tic­i­pants of the event were given pub­li­ca­tions on cat­a­combs re­stored in St. Se­bas­tian's Church with the sup­port of the Hey­dar Aliyev Foun­da­tion.

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