New va­ri­eties of col­ored cot­ton may be grown

Azer News - - Nation - By Narmina Mam­madova

The num­ber of va­ri­eties of cul­ti­vated col­ored cot­ton may in­crease in Azer­bai­jan.

Head of the State Seed Con­trol Ser­vice of the Min­istry of Agri­cul­ture Im­ran Jumshu­dov said that two va­ri­eties of col­ored cot­ton were grown so far in or­der to ac­cu­mu­late ex­pe­ri­ence.

“Cot­ton seeds were de­liv­ered from China. Ac­cord­ing to Chi­nese ex­perts, th­ese va­ri­eties are suit­able for cul­ti­va­tion by no means in all coun­tries of the world, and they do not pro­duce a nor­mal crop ev­ery­where. How­ever, the cli­mate of Azer­bai­jan makes it pos­si­ble to grow such va­ri­eties of cot­ton, as col­ored and or­ganic,” he noted.

The head of the state ser­vice said that th­ese seeds were planted in the sown area of the Re­gional Agrar­ian Sci­en­tific In­for­ma­tion Cen­ter of the Terter re­gion.

“Very good re­sults have al­ready been achieved: at present cot­ton is at the stage of mat­u­ra­tion," Jumshu­dov pointed out.

He went on to say that the cul­ti­va­tion of or­ganic cot­ton makes it pos­si­ble not to use chem­i­cal dyes for dye­ing chil­dren's clothes, but to make clothes from col­ored cot­ton.

It is planned to grow other flow­ers of this cot­ton fur­ther in Azer­bai­jan, Jumshu­dov said.

“For the time be­ing, brown and light-brown cot­ton is grown in Azer­bai­jan. How­ever, there are also va­ri­eties of red, green, light pink and blue cot­ton. If the al­ready planted va­ri­eties give a big har­vest, in the fu­ture other va­ri­eties of col­ored cot­ton can be grown in Azer­bai­jan,” he added.

Jumshu­dov fur­ther said that this va­ri­ety of cot­ton is su­pe­rior to lo­cal ones in qual­ity and fine­ness of the fiber.

The cot­ton in­dus­try, which was once the tra­di­tional branch of agri­cul­ture in Azer­bai­jan, is ef­fec­tively re­viv­ing to­day.

Cot­ton pro­duc­tion is most de­vel­oped in Saatli (25,437 tons), Bi­la­su­var (24,234 tons), Barda (21,552 tons), Agh­jabadi (19,555 tons) and Sabirabad (17,608 tons).

Pres­i­dent Il­ham Aliyev, who con­stantly made ac­cent on im­por­tance of de­vel­op­ing of this sphere, raised this is­sue once again at a meet­ing of the Cabi­net of Min­is­ters ded­i­cated to re­sults of so­cioe­co­nomic de­vel­op­ment in the first half of 2017 and ob­jec­tives for the fu­ture.

The head of state said Azer­bai­jan re­stored the glory of cot­ton grow­ing by in­creas­ing crop area of cot­ton by about three times.

In early 2017, the State Pro­gram for 2017-2022 was ap­proved with an aim of strength­en­ing mea­sures di­rected at de­vel­op­ing this sphere. The pur­pose of the State Pro­gram is to de­velop cot­ton grow­ing, in­crease ex­port po­ten­tial in this sphere, en­sure em­ploy­ment of the ru­ral pop­u­la­tion and in­crease the pro­duc­tion of cot­ton.

The new goal of the state is to bring the cot­ton pro­duc­tion up to 500,000 tons by 2022 from the cur­rent 260,000 tons.

There are an­cient tra­di­tions of cot­ton in Azer­bai­jan. A flap of cot­ton fab­ric was found sev­eral thou­sand years old, dur­ing ex­ca­va­tions at the con­struc­tion site of the Min­gachevir Hy­dro­elec­tric Power Plant.

Cot­ton is a drought-re­sis­tant plant, but it does not tol­er­ate frost and low tem­per­a­tures, so Azer­bai­jan is a safe place to grow it.

At the be­gin­ning of the eight­ies, Azer­bai­jan har­vested up to a mil­lion tons of cot­ton per year. But then, like all other in­dus­tries, as in all other Union re­publics, cot­ton grow­ing de­clined and it could not re­ceive the nec­es­sary in­vest­ments for re­vival for a long time af­ter that.

That is, on the one hand, Azer­bai­jan has a rich po­ten­tial and ex­pe­ri­ence in this mat­ter, whereas, on the other hand, there is a high need. The oil era is com­ing to an end, or at least the events of re­cent years have made the world's oil coun­tries un­der­stand that the state trea­sury is not filled with oil, and at­tempts to prove the op­po­site are fraught. And Azer­bai­jan be­came one of the first coun­tries that promptly re­acted to the chal­lenges of the time, set as one task the di­ver­si­fi­ca­tion of the econ­omy, in par­tic­u­lar, the de­vel­op­ment of the non-oil sec­tor.

On top of that, cot­ton grow­ing is a highly prof­itable seg­ment of the agrar­ian in­dus­try. Cot­ton is used in var­i­ous ar­eas of life. It goes to the tex­tile pro­cess­ing for the pro­duc­tion of cot­ton yarn first of all. Cot­ton is used to pro­duce fab­rics, knitwear, threads, cot­ton wool and more. Cot­ton fluff and cot­ton mats are used in the chem­i­cal in­dus­try as raw ma­te­ri­als for the man­u­fac­ture of ar­ti­fi­cial fibers and threads, films, var­nishes, etc. It is also used in ex­plo­sives ... The prac­tice of other states shows that cot­ton pro­duc­tion can bring mil­lions to the bud­get.

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