Pro­duc­tion of al­ter­na­tive en­ergy to sig­nif­i­cantly in­crease

Azer News - - Nation - By Sara Is­rafil­bay­ova

In the coming years, Azer­bai­jan plans to build power plants based on re­new­able en­ergy sources with a to­tal ca­pac­ity of 420 megawatts.

Deputy En­ergy Min­is­ter of Azer­bai­jan Samir Valiyev said that the the work on the im­ple­men­ta­tion of this im­por­tant task has be­gun.

In par­tic­u­lar, a new law and leg­isla­tive acts are be­ing de­vel­oped. Prepa­ra­tion of the bill, as noted by the deputy min­is­ter, should be com­pleted within six months.

“Cre­at­ing a le­gal frame­work is also very im­por­tant, given that we have in­ter­na­tional obli­ga­tions on de­car­boniza­tion and obli­ga­tions un­der the strate­gic roadmaps,” Valiyev said, adding that Azer­bai­jan has a fa­vor­able cli­mate for the de­vel­op­ment of al­ter­na­tive en­ergy.

More­over, Valiyev said that ne­go­ti­a­tions are cur­rently un­der­way with for­eign in­vestors, such as com­pa­nies from China, the UAE, the US and the EU. Ac­cord­ing to him, at­tract­ing in­vestors to the al­ter­na­tive en­ergy sec­tor will pro­vide a pow­er­ful im­pe­tus for the sec­tor in the coming years.

Ac­cord­ing to the most optimistic forecasts, by the mid­dle of this cen­tury, we will reach a point where half of the world’s oil re­serves will be pumped out.

Hu­man­ity needs to switch to other sources of elec­tric­ity pro­duc­tion, not de­pen­dent on hy­dro­car­bons. In other words, in the coming decades, it is nec­es­sary to ac­tively seek out and use al­ter­na­tive sources of en­ergy.

Tra­di­tional sources trans­form into elec­tric ki­netic en­ergy mov­ing wa­ter - HPS and ther­mal en­ergy of fuel - TPS, op­er­at­ing on oil, nat­u­ral gas and coal. An al­ter­na­tive source of en­ergy re­places tra­di­tional sources.

These are the en­ergy of wa­ter move­ment in the oceans and seas, wind, so­lar ra­di­a­tion, biomass, atom de­cay, etc. Wind en­ergy is most of­ten used in coun­tries of Western Europe, the U.S., In­dia, and China.

For ex­am­ple, Den­mark re­ceives 25 per­cent of en­ergy as a re­sult of us­ing wind. So­lar power sta­tions op­er­ate in more than 80 coun­tries.

So, the largest wind farm at the mo­ment is lo­cated in the state of Cal­i­for­nia (the U.S.), the to­tal ca­pac­ity of which is 1550 MW. An in­ter­est­ing fact is that over $100 bil­lion have been in­vested in the world in 2008 in winds, sun and bioen­ergy.

The idea of hy­dro­gen en­ergy, the pro­duc­tion of elec­tric­ity in pho­to­voltaic cells lo­cated in near-earth or­bit or on the Moon is be­ing stud­ied. Elec­tric­ity will be trans­mit­ted to the Earth in the form of mi­crowave ra­di­a­tion.

Of the listed ways of ob­tain­ing al­ter­na­tive en­ergy in Azer­bai­jan, so­lar and wind en­ergy have started to de­velop.

Most of the coun­try's po­ten­tial in this area comes from so­lar en­ergy, and this po­ten­tial is es­ti­mated at 5,000 megawatts.

The wind en­ergy is 4,500 megawatts, the biomass is 1500 megawatts, the geo­ther­mal en­ergy is 800 megawatts, and the re­main­ing 350 megawatts for the po­ten­tial of small hy­dro­elec­tric power sta­tions.

The po­ten­tial of re­new­able en­ergy sources in Azer­bai­jan is over 25,300 megawatts, which will gen­er­ate 62.8 bil­lion kilo­watt-hours of elec­tric­ity per year. By 2020, it is planned to reach a ca­pac­ity of 2,676 megawatts, which will be about 20 per­cent of all elec­tric­ity pro­duced in the coun­try.

Ac­cord­ing to the State Statis­tics Com­mit­tee of Azer­bai­jan, in Jan­uary-Septem­ber 2018, hy­dropower pro­duc­tion amounted to 1,422.3 kW / hour, so­lar en­ergy - 31.7 kW / hour and wind en­ergy - 31.9 kW / hour.

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