Coun­try sees growth in cot­ton har­vest

Azer News - - Front Page - By Le­man Mam­madova

Cot­ton grow­ing can give a se­ri­ous im­pe­tus to the de­vel­op­ment of the light in­dus­try in the coun­try. This plant has a spe­cial im­por­tance in the so­cial and eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment of our coun­try. The de­vel­op­ment of cot­ton grow­ing is of par­tic­u­lar im­por­tance for the per­ma­nent em­ploy­ment of the ru­ral pop­u­la­tion, and the strength­en­ing of the live­stock breed­ing base.

In the new sea­son, 193,892 tons of cot­ton was col­lected in Azer­bai­jan. As of Novem­ber 3, the av­er­age pro­duc­tiv­ity in the fields equals to 14.6 cent­ners.

Ac­cord­ing to the Agri­cul­ture Min­istry, 108,631 tons of cot­ton was pro­duced by MKT Pro­duc­tion Com­mer­cial Com­pany, 43,880 tons - by Az­er­pam­big ASK LLC, 25,936 tons by P-Agro LLC, 9,960 tons - by AgroAz MMC and Goran Cot­ton LLC, 5,474 tons – by in­di­vid­u­als.

So far, most cot­ton was har­vested in Saatli (25,857 tons), Barda (20,472 tons) and Ag­jabadi (20,227 tons). Over­all, cot­ton is planted in 22 re­gions of Azer­bai­jan in 2018.

The high­est pro­duc­tiv­ity was recorded in Sa­mukh (21.77 ha), Barda (21.26 ha), Tar­tar (20.59 ha) and Ag­jabadi (20.34 ha). On Novem­ber 3, the Barda re­gion was the leader on the daily har­vest - 351 tons. Next places were taken by Bey­la­gan (349 tons), Saatli (336 tons), Bi­la­su­var (335 tons) Ag­jabadi (303 tons).

Com­pared with the pre­vi­ous year, this year, it was planted 2.7 times more-136,413 hectares. In 2018, it is as­sumed that 260,000 tons of cot­ton will be col­lected from the fields.

There is a rich tra­di­tion and great po­ten­tial for the de­vel­op­ment of cot­ton grow­ing in Azer­bai­jan. In early 1913, cot­ton was planted in over 100,000 hectares of land and 65,000 tons of crops were pro­duced in Azer­bai­jan. Cot­ton was the main source of in­come in Shir­van, Mughan-Salyan and Mil-Karabakh. In the 1980s, cot­ton pro­duc­tion in Azer­bai­jan de­creased due to the low pur­chas­ing price of crude cot­ton in the world mar­ket, the high cost of the prod­uct, and the weak de­vel­op­ment of the do­mes­tic light in­dus­try.

Re­cently, Azer­bai­jan re­stored the glory of cot­ton grow­ing, hav­ing in­creased the crop area of cot­ton by about three times.

Now, a com­pre­hen­sive ap­proach to this area is needed to achieve the re­vival of the in­dus­try. One of the im­por­tant con­di­tions for the com­pet­i­tive­ness of cot­ton in­dus­try in the world mar­ket is the pro­vi­sion of man­u­fac­tur­ers with bet­ter qual­ity seeds.

Also, the pro­duc­tion of cot­ton­seed oil and fiber­less cot­ton seeds will be launched in Ujar re­gion of Azer­bai­jan aimed at strength­en­ing the pro­cess­ing in­dus­try. More­over, Azer­bai­jan has im­ported 100 cot­ton har­vesters ear­lier.

In early 2017, the State Pro­gram for 2017-2022 was ap­proved with an aim of strength­en­ing mea­sures di­rected at de­vel­op­ing this sphere. The pur­pose of the State Pro­gram is to de­velop cot­ton grow­ing, in­crease ex­port po­ten­tial in this sphere, en­sure em­ploy­ment of the ru­ral pop­u­la­tion and in­crease the pro­duc­tion of cot­ton.

The new goal of the state is to bring the cot­ton pro­duc­tion up to 500,000 tons by 2022 from the cur­rent 260,000 tons.

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