Den­mark, Azer­bai­jan have op­por­tu­ni­ties to co­op­er­ate in en­ergy ef­fi­ciency

Azer News - - Front Page - By Narmina Mam­madova

Azer­bai­jan aims to in­crease us­age of re­new­able en­ergy sources and the coun­try has all op­por­tu­ni­ties for this due to its ge­o­graph­i­cal lo­ca­tion and weather con­di­tions. Thus, Azer­bai­jan, which is en­gaged in at­tract­ing in­vest­ments in this area, con­tin­ues to es­tab­lish close co­op­er­a­tion ties with for­eign coun­tries.

In this re­gard, Dan­ish Am­bas­sador to Azer­bai­jan Svend Olling said that Den­mark and Azer­bai­jan have op­por­tu­ni­ties for co­op­er­a­tion in en­ergy ef­fi­ciency, Trend re­ported.

"I es­pe­cially see op­por­tu­ni­ties in the area of en­ergy ef­fi­ciency as well as re­new­able en­ergy and tech­nol­ogy," he said.

Olling pointed out that Den­mark is a lead­ing na­tion in the in­dus­try of green en­ergy, and is al­ways keen on dis­pers­ing green en­ergy pro­duc­tion and con­sump­tion tech­nolo­gies to other coun­tries.

"Azer­bai­jan is not lack­ing en­ergy sources, as the coun­try is rich in oil and gas. Still, the con­cern for the cli­mate is some­thing that makes en­hanced co­op­er­a­tion in the field of clean en­ergy rel­e­vant world­wide. It is a re­spon­si­bil­ity for all na­tions to do their best to lower car­bon emis­sions," the en­voy noted.

The diplo­mat went on to say that one way to take ac­tion is through in­vest­ing in clean and sus­tain­able en­ergy sources.

"There is a num­ber of pos­si­ble ways to do it, be it through re­new­able en­ergy, waste-to-en­ergy or dis­trict heat­ing," he noted.

Olling pointed out that even in a time when green en­ergy might be on top of the agenda, oil and gas are still im­por­tant en­ergy sources.

"A tran­si­tion to low car­bon en­ergy would also re­lease more oil and gas for Azer­bai­jan to ex­port, which in turn will in­crease the pros­per­ity of the coun­try. This is why a mix of avail­able en­ergy sources could make Azer­bai­jan even stronger in the sphere of en­ergy in the long term," the diplo­mat said.

Olling noted that co­op­er­a­tion in this field could take sev­eral dif­fer­ent forms.

"One method is through part­ner­ships, where knowhow and tech­nol­ogy is trans­ferred from ex­perts to lo­cal part­ners, and projects are con­ducted in ac­cor­dance with lo­cal con­di­tions and econ­omy," he added.

The ca­pac­ity of the en­ergy sys­tem of Azer­bai­jan is more than 6,000 megawatts. At the same time, ac­cord­ing to ex­perts, the po­ten­tial of re­new­able en­ergy sources in the coun­try is more than 25,300 megawatts. Most of the coun­try's po­ten­tial in this area falls on so­lar en­ergy, while it is es­ti­mated at 5,000 megawatts.

Some 4,500 megawatts ac­counts for wind power, 1,500 megawatts -- for biomass, 800 megawatts -- for geo­ther­mal en­ergy, and the re­main­ing 350 megawatts - for the small hy­dro power plants (HPP).

The us­age of re­new­able sources is gain­ing more and more sup­port­ers, and it is ob­vi­ous that the fu­ture of hu­man­ity will largely de­pend on this method of en­ergy pro­duc­tion. To­day, 80 per­cent of world en­ergy con­sump­tion comes from hy­dro­car­bons (oil, nat­u­ral gas and coal), and 20 per­cent from re­new­able sources and nu­clear en­ergy. En­ergy con­sump­tion in the world is grow­ing ev­ery day, and tra­di­tional en­ergy sources are rapidly be­ing ex­hausted.

Ac­cord­ing to the fore­casts of the In­ter­na­tional En­ergy Agency (IEA), 60 per­cent of world en­ergy will come from hy­dro­car­bons in 2040, and the largest per­cent­age will come from nat­u­ral gas, while 40 per­cent from nu­clear en­ergy and re­new­able en­ergy sources, mostly from wind and so­lar en­ergy.

Eco­log­i­cally pure in­fra­struc­ture of the pro­duc­tion of this type of en­ergy is of great im­por­tance.

Al­ter­na­tive en­ergy sources are safe for hu­mans and the en­vi­ron­ment, as they do not pro­duce harm­ful emis­sions into the at­mos­phere. On the con­trary, hy­dro­car­bon-based en­ergy is the main source of pol­lu­tion of the Earth’s at­mos­phere; it can lead to ir­re­versible cli­mate change on the planet.

China is the undis­puted leader among the lead­ing coun­tries in the de­vel­op­ment and ap­pli­ca­tion of re­new­able sources. Ac­cord­ing to fore­casts of the World Eco­nomic Fo­rum (WEF), more than 40 per­cent of the to­tal global al­ter­na­tive en­ergy by 2022 will ac­count for China. In 2017, China’s to­tal in­vest­ment in re­new­able en­ergy projects amounted to more than $44 bil­lion.

The United States, which in 2017 ac­counted for $32 bil­lion in in­vest­ments, ranks sec­ond in this term. In­dia is in third place, whose re­new­able ca­pac­ity will dou­ble by 2022. So­lar en­ergy and wind make up 90 per­cent of In­dia’s re­new­able power growth.

In Eu­ro­pean coun­tries, prospects seem even brighter. By 2022, Den­mark is ex­pected to gen­er­ate 69 per­cent of its en­ergy from re­new­able sources, mak­ing it the world leader. Ire­land is in sec­ond place, and is pro­jected to gen­er­ate one third of its en­ergy needs from re­new­able sources.

In other Eu­ro­pean coun­tries, in­clud­ing Spain, Ger­many and the UK, the share of wind and so­lar en­ergy will ex­ceed 25 per­cent of to­tal pro­duc­tion.

So what about Azer­bai­jan? In ac­cor­dance with the De­cree of Pres­i­dent Il­ham Aliyev, in 2013, the State Agency of the Repub­lic of Azer­bai­jan on Al­ter­na­tive and Re­new­able En­ergy Sources was cre­ated, and a num­ber of doc­u­ments were signed and pro­grams were adopted to de­velop this in­dus­try. These doc­u­ments pro­vide for bring­ing al­ter­na­tive sources to 20 per­cent of the to­tal en­ergy con­sump­tion of Azer­bai­jan by the end of 2020. It is ob­vi­ous that the de­vel­op­ment of al­ter­na­tive en­ergy is in­cluded in the num­ber of pri­or­ity di­rec­tions of state de­vel­op­ment.

Ac­cord­ing to stud­ies, there is a huge po­ten­tial in the ter­ri­tory of Azer­bai­jan for gen­er­at­ing elec­tric­ity us­ing re­new­able en­ergy sources. The ef­fi­ciency of us­ing one or an­other al­ter­na­tive en­ergy sources di­rectly de­pends on the re­gion in which the in­stal­la­tion of equip­ment is nec­es­sary. For ex­am­ple, on the Ab­sheron Penin­sula, the weather is quite often windy - the wind blows about 300 days a year. In par­tic­u­lar, in the vil­lage of Shubany, 227 days a year the wind blows at a speed of more than 75 km/h and even more. More­over, sunny days on the Ab­sheron Penin­sula ac­count for more than 200 days a year, and on sum­mer days the tem­per­a­ture often reaches 40 de­grees. The to­tal po­ten­tial of so­lar en­ergy is es­ti­mated at 500 megawatts, while the po­ten­tial for wind power gen­er­a­tion is 350 megawatts.

Thus, the ter­ri­tory has an un­de­ni­able po­ten­tial, and the us­age of al­ter­na­tive sources for en­ergy gen­er­a­tion is more than at­trac­tive. One should also high­light the pos­i­tive en­vi­ron­men­tal as­pect of us­ing al­ter­na­tive tech­nolo­gies in en­ergy pro­duc­tion. In­vest­ing in re­new­able en­ergy sources can also sig­nif­i­cantly re­duce en­ergy bud­get spend­ing. For ex­am­ple, Ger­many is the main net­work im­porter of elec­tric­ity in Europe. It is es­ti­mated that by 2050, the coun­try is go­ing to use only re­new­able en­ergy sources, which will help save bil­lions of dol­lars, since they will not need to im­port en­ergy. A huge im­pe­tus to the us­age of al­ter­na­tive en­ergy can be given by sub­si­dies from the state. If you look at the six lead­ing coun­tries in the world that sub­si­dize al­ter­na­tive en­ergy, the to­tal amount of sub­si­dies ex­ceeds $40 bil­lion a year. In the U.S. alone, in 2016, $18.4 bil­lion was spent on en­ergy sub­si­dies.

An im­por­tant fac­tor in stim­u­lat­ing and at­tract­ing in­vest­ments in tech­nolo­gies for the pro­duc­tion of re­new­able en­ergy is the us­age of green tar­iffs. The adop­tion of the law on green tar­iff will give a huge im­pe­tus to the cre­ation of a fa­vor­able in­vest­ment cli­mate in the en­ergy sec­tor and the fur­ther at­trac­tion of in­vest­ments in Azer­bai­jan. The prin­ci­ple of the green tar­iff is quite sim­ple: the state un­der­takes to buy en­ergy from le­gal en­ti­ties and in­di­vid­u­als, pro­duced us­ing al­ter­na­tive en­ergy sources. In many coun­tries of the world, a spe­cial green tar­iff has been ap­proved at the leg­isla­tive level, which stim­u­lates the de­vel­op­ment of al­ter­na­tive en­ergy re­sources and the in­flow of in­vest­ments in this sec­tor of the econ­omy.

If Azer­bai­jan suc­ceeds in im­ple­ment­ing all the planned mea­sures for the de­vel­op­ment of re­new­able en­ergy sources, then in the fore­see­able fu­ture, the vol­ume of pro­duc­tion of al­ter­na­tive en­ergy may be on par with the most de­vel­oped coun­tries of the world.

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