Wind power gen­er­a­tion in­creases

Azer News - - Nation - By Le­man Mam­madova

Re­new­ables are the sources of clean and in­ex­haustible en­ergy.

Hy­dro­car­bons, which are the tra­di­tional source of en­ergy used by the world for many years, are grad­u­ally be­ing run out and, thus, make the use of al­ter­na­tive and re­new­able en­ergy sources ur­gent.

This in­cludes en­ergy from water, wind, sun, bi­o­log­i­cal waste re­sources, or even sea waves, with the help of cer­tain fa­cil­i­ties. The ad­van­tage of us­ing this type of en­ergy is that it does not cre­ate any en­vi­ron­men­tal prob­lems and does not pol­lute the na­ture with any haz­ardous waste.

The use of re­new­able sources is based on two im­por­tant con­di­tions: source of re­new­able en­ergy and its pres­ence in the area. Its pres­ence mit­i­gates the de­pen­dence of coun­tries, ter­ri­to­ries, eco­nomic sys­tems on oil and its price.

The fa­vor­able ge­o­graphic lo­ca­tion and cli­matic con­di­tions al­low the wide­spread use of en­vi­ron­men­tally friendly al­ter­na­tive en­ergy sources in Azer­bai­jan.

In Jan­uary-Septem­ber 2018, Azer­bai­jan’s power plants gen­er­ated 17.2 bil­lion kilo­watt-hours of elec­tric­ity that is 1.3 per­cent more than in the same pe­riod of 2017, ac­cord­ing to the re­port of the State Sta­tis­tics Com­mit­tee.

As many as 16.5 bil­lion kilo­watt hours of the to­tal elec­tric­ity gen­er­ated in Jan­uary-Septem­ber 2018 ac­counted for com­mer­cial elec­tric­ity, which is 1.8 per­cent more than in Jan­uary-Septem­ber 2017.

Ther­mal power plants gen­er­ated 15.05 bil­lion kilo­watt hours of to­tal com­mer­cial elec­tric­ity in Jan­uary-Septem­ber 2018, that is 1.8 per­cent more than in Jan­uary-Septem­ber 2017.

Azer­bai­jan’s hy­dro-power plants gen­er­ated 1.42 bil­lion kilo­watt hours of com­mer­cial elec­tric­ity in Jan­uary-Septem­ber 2018, that is 0.4 per­cent less than in Jan­uary-Septem­ber 2017.

Wind farms pro­duced 31.9 mil­lion kilo­watt hours of elec­tric­ity, which is 3.3 times more com­pared to the same pe­riod in 2017, while so­lar power plants gen­er­ated 31.7 mil­lion kilo­watt hours of elec­tric­ity in the pe­riod, 2.8 per­cent less com­pared to the same pe­riod in 2017.

Aim­ing to lessen its de­pen­dency on oil, Azer­bai­jan im­pel­ments a num­ber of mea­sures for fur­ther de­vel­op­ment of al­ter­na­tive en­ergy sec­tor.

The State Agency for Al­ter­na­tive and Re­new­able En­ergy Sources plans to im­ple­ment 23 projects worth 13 mil­lion manat as part of the strate­gic roadmap for the de­vel­op­ment of pub­lic ser­vices in 2018-2020.

The projects cover the con­struc­tion of 420 megawatt wind, water and bio­fuel power plants. The ca­pac­ity of wind power sta­tions will be 350 megawatts, so­lar power sta­tions will be 50 megawatts, and bio­fuel power plants will be equal to 20 megawatts. Con­struc­tion of wind power sta­tions will amount to 1020.0 mil­lion manat, so­lar power sta­tions - 148.2 mil­lion manat, bio­fuel power sta­tions - 116.0 mil­lion manat.

The use of wind en­ergy in Azer­bai­jan is con­sid­ered prospec­tive. More than 270 days of strong winds were cap­tured on the Ab­sheron Penin­sula and in the coastal zone of the Caspian Sea. The av­er­age an­nual speed of the wind is 7.2 me­ters per sec­ond. The cal­cu­la­tions show that a wind power plant with a ca­pac­ity of 500 kW pre­vents emis­sions of 750 to 1,250 tons of car­bon diox­ide and 3-6 tons of other harm­ful sub­stances com­pared to the coal-fired power plant.

The con­struc­tion of a wind power plant with a ca­pac­ity of 50 MW in the Khizi re­gion of the Repub­lic of Azer­bai­jan was com­pleted in 2014.

Ac­cord­ing to the State Agency for Al­ter­na­tive and Re­new­able En­ergy Sources, Azer­bai­jan has about 800 MW of an­nual wind en­ergy re­serves due to its ge­o­graph­i­cal lo­ca­tion, nat­u­ral con­di­tions and eco­nomic in­fra­struc­ture. This is about 2.4 bil­lion kWh of elec­tric­ity, in other words it is pos­si­ble to save about 1 mil­lion tons of fuel per year due to the wind en­ergy.

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