New rock paint­ings dis­cov­ered in Go­bus­tan

Azer News - - Miscellaneous - By Le­man Mam­madova

SAs many as 521 new paint­ings and 14 new pic­to­rial stones were dis­cov­ered in Jin­girdag-Yazilitepe area in re­cent years.

The ini­tial stage of the project "The Cre­ation of a Dig­i­tal Data­base of Rock Paint­ings" is com­ing to an end. The pur­pose of the project, which be­gan in 2016, is the re-doc­u­ment­ing pic­to­rial stones in the re­serve area to cre­ate a dig­i­tal data­base of Go­bus­tan rock paint­ings and a new cat­a­log, di­rec­tor of the Go­bus­tan Na­tional His­tor­i­cal-Artis­tic Re­serve Vu­gar Isayev told AZERTAC.

Isayev noted that the mon­u­ments in Jin­girdag-Yazilitepe have been doc­u­mented since 2016.

"All the pan­els have been pho­tographed for de­tailed doc­u­men­ta­tion, 3D mod­el­ing has been made, the reg­is­tra­tion form has been filled out, dig­i­tal sketches have been pre­pared by de­ter­min­ing GPS co­or­di­nates, sea level height, di­men­sions, di­rec­tion, over­lap­ping of panel images dig­i­tal reg­is­tra­tion sketches,” he said.

As a re­sult of the in­tro­duc­tion of the new, modern meth­ods, 521 new images and 14 new pic­to­rial stones have been found in Jin­girdagYazilitepe, where pre­vi­ously 877 images have been recorded.

De­tailed in­for­ma­tion about the newly dis­cov­ered draw­ings and rock paint­ings of the Jin­girdag-Yazilitepe will be in­cluded in the cat­a­log that is be­ing pre­pared.

Go­bus­tan State His­tor­i­cal and Artis­tic Re­serve, the com­plex of ar­chae­o­log­i­cal mon­u­ments in the ter­ri­tory of Azer­bai­jan, is lo­cated 56 km from the cap­i­tal, Baku, in Garadagh dis­trict. There is also a mu­seum here. More than 6,000 images and rock paint­ings have been recorded in the area. Mon­u­ments of the Mesolithic (medieval stone) are mainly rep­re­sented in the re­serve.

Go­bus­tan State His­tor­i­cal and Artis­tic Re­serve was pro­claimed in 1966, en­vis­ag­ing the ex­cep­tional im­por­tance of the ma­te­rial cul­tural re­mains found in Go­bus­tan for his­tory and cul­ture. Hu­man and an­i­mal paint­ings pre­served in the Go­bus­tan al­low ex­plor­ing the an­i­mals and the way they are hunted by the an­cient peo­ple based on hunt­ing, fight­ing and dance scenes de­picted on the rocks.

The Go­bus­tan Re­serve, a world his­tor­i­cal mon­u­ment with an area of over 4,000 hectares, was in­cluded in the UN­ESCO list of cul­tural her­itage in 2007.

The mon­u­ments of Go­bus­tan are di­vided into two groups: rock paint­ings and an­cient sites and other ob­jects.

The first ar­chae­o­log­i­cal ex­ca­va­tions on the ter­ri­tory of the re­serve be­gan in the 1930s. In 1939-1940, the Azer­bai­jani ar­chae­ol­o­gist Iskhak Ja­farzade dis­cov­ered here about 3,500 rock paint­ings, draw­ings and signs, as well as man-made pits, holes in rocks, etc. Since 1965, a spe­cial sci­en­tific ex­pe­di­tion has been en­gaged in in­ves­ti­gat­ing the mon­u­ments of Go­bus­tan. Ar­chae­o­log­i­cal re­search of more than 20 dwellings and shel­ters, more than 40 burial mounds was car­ried out.

Go­bus­tan is a real open-air mu­seum. Ev­ery year this amaz­ing art gallery is vis­ited by thou­sands of peo­ple from all over the world.

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