Erup­tions of four mud vol­ca­noes fore­casted

Azer News - - Front Page - By Le­man Mam­madova

Azer­bai­jan is one of the home coun­tries to mud vol­ca­noes. There are over 350 mud vol­ca­noes in Azer­bai­jan, both on­shore and off­shore.

Azer­bai­jan is one of the home coun­tries to mud vol­ca­noes. There are over 350 mud vol­ca­noes in Azer­bai­jan, both on­shore and off­shore.

The fore­cast for the erup­tion of new mud vol­ca­noes in Azer­bai­jan has been proved. There are al­ready two vol­cano erup­tions, and four erup­tions are ex­pected to oc­cur at the end of this year and in 2019.

This was stated by the head of the mud vol­can­ism de­part­ment of the In­sti­tute of Ge­ol­ogy and Geo­physics of ANAS, Doc­tor of Ge­o­log­i­cal and Min­er­alog­i­cal Sciences, Adil Aliyev in an in­ter­view with Trend.

He noted that in Oc­to­ber it was pre­dicted that there would be an erup­tion of Bozdag Gobu in the Ab­sheron penin­sula, Ba­har in Alat set­tle­ment, Shekikhan, Nar­daranakhtarma, Ayaza­khtarma and Shikzarli vol­ca­noes in Go­bus­tan.

He added that vol­cano erup­tions in Azer­bai­jan in­ten­si­fied in 2017. Only seven vol­canos erupted in Ab­sheron penin­sula and Shamakhi-Go­bus­tan re­gion in the first half of last year.

Aliyev said that 19 vol­canic erup­tions were reg­is­tered in Azer­bai­jan in the past two years.

He went on to add that ev­ery year 3-5 vol­cano erup­tions with dif­fer­ent in­ten­sity oc­cur. How­ever, as the seis­mic ac­tiv­ity in­creases, the num­ber of erup­tions in­creases: 10 erup­tions in 1970, 12 erup­tions in 1986, 11 erup­tions in 1989, 16 erup­tion in 2001 and 11 erup­tion in 2018.

He un­der­lined that it is not an easy task to pre­dict vol­canic erup­tions like earth­quakes. How­ever, parox­ys­mal pre­dic­tions can be made tak­ing into con­sid­er­a­tion the pre­vi­ous erup­tions.

There are 1,400-1,500 mud vol­ca­noes on Earth. Mud vol­ca­noes ap­peared on the ter­ri­tory of the present Azer­bai­jan Re­pub­lic 25 mil­lion years ago.

The ac­tiv­ity of mud vol­ca­noes is closely linked to the seis­mic­ity of the Azer­bai­jani ter­ri­tory. Mud vol­ca­noes are one of the key points for the dis­cov­ery of oil and gas fields. In the 1920s, a prom­i­nent re­searcher, Pro­fes­sor D.V. Gol­uby­at­nikov called the mud vol­cano “free ex­plo­ration well”. Ge­ol­o­gists con­sider that mud vol­ca­noes are formed as a re­sult of ex­treme pres­sure of hy­dro­car­bon gases ac­cu­mu­lated in oil fields.

Vol­canic wa­ter is widely used in the treat­ment of a num­ber of dis­eases - ner­vous sys­tem, skin dis­eases, radi­culi­tis, urol­ogy, gyne­col­ogy and etc. Clays of mud vol­ca­noes are con­sid­ered to be min­er­als. Fluid of mud vol­ca­noes is used as raw ma­te­ri­als in chem­i­cal and con­struc­tion in­dus­try, as well as in phar­ma­col­ogy.

Mud vol­ca­noes are lo­cated far from pop­u­lated ar­eas. Most of these ter­ri­to­ries are un­der pro­tec­tion, and it is strictly for­bid­den for peo­ple to en­ter there with­out spe­cial per­mis­sion. These bans have sev­eral rea­sons. Firstly, in this way the ter­ri­tory of the vol­ca­noes is pro­tected from pos­si­ble con­tam­i­na­tion by peo­ple, se­condly, pos­si­ble at­tempts to carry away the mud from the ter­ri­tory of the re­serve are pre­vented (this mud can be used dur­ing con­struc­tion). And fi­nally, the main rea­son is that each erup­tion of a vol­cano poses threat to the hu­man life. Vol­canic erup­tions have oc­curred on the ter­ri­tory of Azer­bai­jan many times. The first erup­tion of the vol­cano oc­curred in 1828. Lok­batan vol­cano, lo­cated 15 km from the cap­i­tal, has erupted 17 times since then.

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