China as­sists in ser­i­cul­ture re­vival

Azer News - - Nation - By Ab­dul Ker­imkhanov

As part of the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the State Pro­gram of Azer­bai­jan on the devel­op­ment of co­coon and silk pro­duc­tion for the pe­riod 2018-2025, one mil­lion mul­berry seedlings were im­ported into Azer­bai­jan from the Peo­ple's Repub­lic of China.

Seedlings are shipped to 36 re­gions of the coun­try, ac­com­pa­nied by a Chi­nese spe­cial­ist, Sput­nik Azer­bai­jan re­ported.

Deputy Min­is­ter of Agri­cul­ture Il­ham Guliyev said that seedlings are dis­trib­uted free of charge by re­gions in ac­cor­dance with re­ceived re­quests. In the pre-se­lected ar­eas of the re­gions, plant­ing of mul­berry seedlings will be car­ried out us­ing Chi­nese tech­nol­ogy un­der the su­per­vi­sion of an ex­pert in­vited spe­cially from this coun­try.

He noted that so far 3.5 mil­lion seedlings have been brought into the coun­try, and this year 514 tons of co­coons have been col­lected. The de­liv­ery of new saplings of mul­berry trees will make it pos­si­ble to ob­tain a larger amount of co­coons due to the ex­pan­sion and im­prove­ment of the food sup­ply.

"Cur­rently, ne­go­ti­a­tions are un­der­way with rep­re­sen­ta­tives of the Peo­ple's Repub­lic of China to im­port 20,000 boxes of silk­worm to Azer­bai­jan. As a re­sult of the gov­ern­ment’s at­ten­tion to the in­dus­try, farm­ers re­ceive suf­fi­cient ad­di­tional in­come," the deputy min­is­ter said.

The first re­sults of the State Pro­gram are al­ready ev­i­dent. If in 2015, a to­tal of 236 kilo­grams of co­coons were col­lected in the coun­try, in 2016 al­ready 70.7 tons were pro­duced, and in 2017 this fig­ure reached 245.2 tons.

In ac­cor­dance with the state pro­gram of co­coon and ser­i­cul­ture, it is en­vis­aged to in­crease pro­duc­tion in the in­dus­try to 6,000 tons of co­coons an­nu­ally by 2025.

The his­tory of ser­i­cul­ture in Azer­bai­jan dates back to al­most 1,500 years.

When it comes to silk in Azer­bai­jan, the first place that comes to mind is the an­cient city of Sheki, which once con­sid­ered the largest cen­ter for the pro­duc­tion of silk and silk farm­ing in the Mid­dle Ages.

Del­i­cate fab­rics, beau­ti­ful clothes, and color­ful ke­la­gayis (silk head­scarf) man­u­fac­tured by Sheki crafts­men from raw silk, were ex­ported to for­eign coun­tries, so the city be­came fa­mous for its silk through­out the world.

In the Soviet pe­riod, Azer­bai­jan ranked sec­ond af­ter Uzbek­istan for the pro­duc­tion of silk co­coon but was con­sid­ered first in fiber qual­ity.

China be­came Azer­bai­jan’s fourth largest trad­ing part­ner in 2017. Cus­toms data of Azer­bai­jan es­ti­mated bi­lat­eral trade at a record close to $1.3 bil­lion in 2017, that is 33 per­cent more com­pared to the pre­vi­ous year.

Ex­ports in­creased by 63.75 per­cent to $443.8 mil­lion, and im­ports - by 21.4 per­cent to $854.5 mil­lion over the year.

The main goods ex­ported from Azer­bai­jan to China last year were chem­i­cal prod­ucts, fuel, plas­tic and prod­ucts made of it.

Elec­tri­cal de­vices, equip­ment and its spare parts, ve­hi­cles and spare parts, cloth­ing and ac­ces­sories, ce­ramic prod­ucts, house­hold items were im­ported from China to Azer­bai­jan over the past year.

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