Travel des­ti­na­tion for astronomy geeks

Azer News - - Country Guide - By La­man Is­may­ilova

FYou don't have to visit a galaxy far, far away to see gor­geous views of space.

If you’re fas­ci­nated by the thought of far­away gal­ax­ies, then gaze up at the night’s sky in Azer­bai­jan. Shamakhi Astro­phys­i­cal Ob­ser­va­tory is a great des­ti­na­tion for astronomy en­thu­si­asts.

The ob­ser­va­tory of­fers some of the best star-gaz­ing con­di­tions in the world.

Here you can feel the true magic when the sky comes alive with a mil­lion blaz­ing stars. The cre­ation of an astro­phys­i­cal ob­ser­va­tory in Azer­bai­jan was planned as early as 1928.

For many rea­sons, the project could not be im­ple­mented, and the World War II post­poned this idea for the post-war pe­riod.

In 1953, a spe­cial lab­o­ra­tory for the study of cos­mic phe­nom­ena was cre­ated at the base of the In­sti­tute of Physics in Azer­bai­jan.

Con­struc­tion of the ob­ser­va­tory be­gan in 1958 in then Azer­bai­jan SSR and of­fi­cially opened on Jan­uary 13, 1960. Yusif Mam­madaliyev, prom­i­nent Azer­bai­jani sci­en­tist, played a ma­jor role in foun­da­tion of the ob­ser­va­tory.

In 1991, the ob­ser­va­tory was given a name of Nasir­addin Tusi – math­e­ma­ti­cian, physi­cist and as­tronomer of me­dieval ages. A town­ship for habi­ta­tion of work­ers was es­tab­lished un­der the ob­ser­va­tory and it was named af­ter Yusif Mam­madaliyev (Pir­gulu).

In Septem­ber 2008, the ob­ser­va­tory went through cap­i­tal re­pair. As a re­sult, the ex­hi­bi­tion hall, mu­seum, con­fer­ence and lec­ture halls, six build­ings for tele­scopes, in­clud­ing the build­ing with the main two-me­tre te­le­scope, and main ad­min­is­tra­tive build­ing have been over­hauled, and a can­teen and cot­tages have been built.

Stud­ies at the ob­ser­va­tory are car­ried out us­ing re­flect­ing te­le­scope pro­duced in Ger­many. The te­le­scope with di­am­e­ter of mir­ror of 2 me­ters is the first big te­le­scope in the South Cau­ca­sus.

Be­sides that, Menis­cus te­le­scope, chro­mo­spheric and pho­to­spheric AFR-2 te­le­scope, AZT-8 re­flec­tor and other in­stru­ments are also used in the ob­ser­va­tory.

Shamakhi Astro­phys­i­cal Ob­ser­va­tory is filled with op­por­tu­ni­ties to ob­serve, learn, and be in­spired.

As a re­sult of its work, dozens of ce­les­tial bod­ies were dis­cov­ered.

The new as­ter­oids were named "SAO", "Javid", "Mus­lim Mago­mayev", "Nizami", "Tusi", "Azer­bai­jan".

Cur­rently, more than 10 small ce­les­tial bod­ies and plan­ets, the craters are con­nected with Azer­bai­jan.

In ad­di­tion, Shamakhi Ob­ser­va­tory has es­tab­lished close sci­en­tific ties with the Na­tional Aero­nau­tics and Space Ad­min­is­tra­tion (NASA) to study the Sun.

Shamakhi Ob­ser­va­tory is one of many as­tro­nom­i­cal com­plexes from which the in­for­ma­tion is pro­vided to NASA.

If you'd like to en­joy dizzy­ing ce­les­tial view, then you need to add this in­cred­i­ble place to your bucket list.

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