GNH to be inclusive of private sector: Lyonchhen Dasho Tshering Tobgay
Dasho Tshering Tobgay, Prime Minister was in Bangkok, Thailand on 24th May, 2018 to attend the 15th United Nations Day of Vesak Celebration 2018 at Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University (MCU), Wang Noi, Ayutthaya, Thailand.
Upon his arrival at the Suvarnabhumi International Airport, Lyonchhen was received by Venerable Phra Bhramapundit, President of International Council for Day of Vesak.
On 25th May, 2018, Lyonchhen participated in the 15th United Nations Vesakday 2018 conference graced by Ven. Somdet Phra Maha Muniwong, abbot of Wat Ratchabophit, the 20th Supreme Patriarch of Thailand. Lyonchhen delivered the keynote address on the theme ‘Buddhist contribution for Human Development’.
Lyonchhen began by conveying the respects of His Majesty The King to the Supreme Sangha Council of Thailand and appreciation and greetings to the organizers and the distinguished delegates.
Lyonchhen said that Bhutan is the last Vajarayana Buddhist Kingdom and has been a Buddhist continuously since the 8th century shaping our governance, our culture, and our lifestyle.
He said that in Bhutan Vajrayana Buddhist state has influenced the human development. “The concept of Buddhist ruler has been an inspiration also among Bhutanese monarchs. They have tried to live and rule from an
enlightened attitude, as if following the original ‘Ten Duties of the King’ found in the Buddha’s teachings,” he said adding that the Ten Duties of the King that are applicable to any leader are charity, moral character, sacrifice for people’s welfare, integrity, kindness, austerity, freedom from ill will, non-violence, patience, non-opposition to the will of people.
Lyonchhen then spoke on how the ideals of governance that drew on both science and Buddhism for Bhutan was formulated by our Fourth King as Gross National Happiness (GNH). “Happiness arises not only from material living conditions, but it arises interdependently from many other aspects of life. As all things arise interdependently, the cause of happiness should not be reduced to a few things,” he added.
Emphasizing on the concept of Gross National Happiness, Lyonchhen Dasho Tshering Tobgay said that GNH as a framework for develop- ment is currently applied mostly for assessing and directing official plans and programs. It leaves out the private sector. GNH cannot be effective if the private sector business and corporations that drive the economy do not reflect it.
In the concluding remarks Dasho Tshering Tobgay set the example of sufficiency economy philosophy in Thailand, in addition to GNH in Bhutan, points out how different nations are tapping into Buddhism in the contemporary world at the national level.
“And, many other nations have been doing similar things in their own contexts. Buddhism’s popularity has grown over the past half century along with interest in adapting if for applications in many spheres of human development” he added.
He concluded that our future is troubled with arms race, ecological collapse, climate change, addictions, inequality, unfairness, conflicts, and technological and institu- tion. All future situations are also merely possibilities that changes with positive values and intensions. “Buddhism has ever more to contribute to holistic development for all and all holistic development.”
In the afternoon, Lyonchhen called on Gen. Prayut Chan-o-cha, Prime Minister of Thailand at the Government House. Lyonchhen conveyed the warm greetings of His Majesty The King and thanked the Royal Thai Government for the warmth in which Their Majesties and HRH The Gyalsey were received in Thailand for the Royal Cremation Ceremony of His Majesty the Late King Bhumibol Adulyadej. The two Prime Ministers exchanged views on strengthening wide ranging bilateral and regional cooperation.
Lyonchhen arrived in the country yesterday.
Lyonchhen Dasho Tshering Tobgay : Happiness arises not only from material living conditions, but it arises interdependently from many other aspects of life.