Youth and un­em­ploy­ment

Bhutan Times - - Editorial -

T he youth un­em­ploy­ment prob­lem has be­come a ma­jor prob­lem in our coun­try. The youth rep­re­sents more than half of the to­tal pop­u­la­tion and is con­sid­ered as a ma­jor work­force.

The youth are con­sid­ered as the most en­er­getic class of peo­ple who can make ei­ther con­struc­tive or de­struc­tive con­tri­bu­tion to the so­ci­ety.

If they are not mon­i­tored well and re­mained un­em­ployed, both so­cial and eco­nomic prob­lems are in­evitable. The need is felt to ad­dress the so­cial and eco­nomic chal­lenges con­fronted by the youth in order to help them be­come pro­duc­tive and re­spon­si­ble cit­i­zens of the coun­try. An idle man can­not find food for him. In order to live he must do some work.

Ev­ery­where in this world there is a con­stant strug­gle for an em­ploy­ment. Only de­serv­ing peo­ple win the strug­gle and get the job which is very limited.

Be­ing un­em­ploy­ment can sig­nif­i­cantly af­fect the prospect of achiev­ing the goals of GNH. With­out job one leads to the loss of self-es­teem and re­sults in un­hap­pi­ness. There is no re­spect for the se­niors. In a fam­ily, the un­em­ployed chil­dren cre­ate dis­tur­bances. They feel frus­trated. Thus so­cial ten­sion is born.

Grad­u­ally, our Bud­dhist phi­los­o­phy of love and tol­er­ance is con­verted to the phi­los­o­phy of anger and in­sta­bil­ity. There are many causes of un­em­ploy­ment. The main among them is the rapid growth of pop­u­la­tion and sig­nif­i­cant growth in school en­rol­ment which has cre­ated a large num- ber of youth en­ter­ing into the job mar­ket ev­ery year.

The un­em­ploy­ment among the youth is com­monly as­so­ci­ated with var­i­ous prob­lems like high crime rate among the youth, lack of ex­pe­ri­ence and mis­match in jobs amongst others. Our youths are not will­ing to take up blue col­lar jobs which are read­ily avail­able in the mar­ket. In order to carry out such jobs many ex­pa­tri­ate work force are be­ing im­ported.

The im­mi­nent prob­lems as­so­ci­ated with un­em­ploy­ment present is a sig­nif­i­cant chal­lenge to many con­cerned agen­cies in seek­ing to pro­vide so­lu­tions to the prob­lem of un­em­ploy­ment. The fun­da­men­tal ap­proach utilised by many gov­ern­ments remains the cre­ation of jobs within the in­for­mal sec­tor. Other than the cre­ation of jobs that en­sure the in­di­vid­u­als be­come di­rectly ab­sorbed into the labour mar­ket, other ap­proaches such as given pri­or­ity to agri­cul­ture sec­tor can also be ex­plored.

To in­crease pro­duc­tion and sales, em­ploy­ers of­ten seek work­ers that are more ex­pe­ri­enced. Due to their in­ex­pe­ri­ence and lack of knowl­edge, em­ploy­ers do not want to spend money and time train­ing them.

While the at­ti­tude of the em­ploy­ers has to change in order to em­ploy our youths hav­ing no ex­pe­ri­ence.

On the other hand our youths must be will­ing to take any job that is avail­able in the mar­ket in order to solve the un­em­ploy­ment prob­lem now.

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