Bhutan’s pri­or­i­tize to cli­mate change project in 12th FYP

Bhutan Times - - Home - Sonam Pen­jor

To as­sist Bhutan in ac­cess­ing Green Cli­mate Fund (GCF) and strength­en­ing co­op­er­a­tion be­tween Bhutan and GCF, three days of first ever na­tional struc­tured di­a­logue be­tween Gross Na­tional Hap­pi­ness Com­mis­sion (GNHC) and other rel­e­vant stake­hold­ers with GCF ended last Fri­day in the cap­i­tal.

The GNHC, in its ca­pac­ity as the Na­tional Des­ig­nated Au­thor­ity (NDA) hosted the di­a­logue.

Dur­ing the di­a­logue, the pipe­line projects to ad­dress­ing re­silience cli­mate change and con­serv­ing en­vi­ron­ment were pre­sented which are 12th Five Year Plan’s (FYP) spec­i­fied na­tional key re­sult ar­eas (NKRAs).

A del­e­ga­tion led by the Di­rec­tor, mit­i­ga­tion and adap­ta­tion, GCF Dr. Ger­man (Jerry) Ve­lasquez was in Bhutan to pro­vide fur­ther sup­port in de­vel­op­ing the coun­try pro­gram­ming; strengthen di­a­logue and co­or­di­na­tion; and op­por­tu­nity for Bhutan to make a com­pre­hen­sive pre­sen­ta­tion on the pipe­line and po­ten­tial projects.

GNHC Di­rec­tor, Rinchen Wangdi said that the first ever di­a­logue will guide us in pre­par­ing for coun­try pro­gram and will served as plat­form in pro­vid­ing clar­i­fi­ca­tion and guid­ance for pipe­line projects.

Align­ment with the 12th Five Year Plan, an of­fi­cial from GNHC pre­sented that, “A pre­lim­i­nary assess­ment of the 12th draft plan re­veals that a very high in­te­gra­tion of goals and tar­get of 16 NKRAs in a very high aligned with 16 Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment Goals ( SDGs), in sim­i­lar man­ner align­ment is also done in lo­cal lev­els as well as cen­tral agen­cies. “This is not by chance rather it is a con­sorted ef­fort that Royal Gov­ern­ment has un­der- taken in the for­mu­la­tion of 12th FYP to make sure that the SDG is also achieved.” “In the 11th FYP, Bhutan pri­or­i­tizes 3 SDGs re­lated to cli­mate el­e­ments.”

And sim­i­larly, the map­ping of 134 AKRAs and its key per­for­mance in­di­ca­tors (KPIs) of the 11th plan against the 169 SDG targets and 244 in­di­ca­tors shows that 98 targets and 116 KPIs were aligned.

An of­fi­cial also pre­sented the cli­mate ac­tions for the 12th plan which in­cludes the NKRA 6 that fo­cus on main­tain­ing car­bon neu­tral sta­tus, for­est sink man­age­ment, cli­mate and dis­as­ter re­silient de­vel­op­ment, geo-haz­ard risk as­sessed & re­duced, en­sur­ing dis­as­ter pre­pared­ness plans are in place and man­ag­ing and pro­tect­ing the pro­tected ar­eas among oth­ers.

Where as in NKRA 8: wa­ter, food and nu­tri­tion se­cu­rity will look at in­creas­ing food pro­duc­tion in view of im­pact of cli­mate change en­sur­ing smart and sus­tain­able agri­cul­ture in place, sus­tain­able land man­age­ment, as­sur­ing wa­ter se­cu­rity in terms of ir­ri­ga­tion as well as drink­ing wa­ter for the coun­try.

NKRA 9: in­fra­struc­ture, com­mu­ni­ca­tion and pub­lic ser­vice de­liv­ery, an of­fi­cial said that they are look­ing to cli­mate proof in­fra­struc­ture – roads, so­cial in­fra (schools, hos­pi­tals), green­ing of build­ings and en­sur­ing en­ergy ef­fi­ciency and also en­hanced cli­mate in­for­ma­tion and aware­ness is gen­er­ated to en­tire na­tion.

And NKRA 15: they are look­ing at man­ag­ing of waste, sus­tain­able ur­ban trans­port and ex­cess to re­li­able wa­ter which is one of the flag­ship pro­gram and the re­new­able en­ergy.

Mean­while, 12th Plan is the last plan as a least de­vel­oped coun­try (LDC) and it is Bhutan’s tran­si­tion plan and grad­u­a­tion also means loss of in­ter­na­tional sup­port meas- ures in­clud­ing de­vel­op­ment aid. Sup­port and part­ner­ship from cli­mate fi­nance win­dows like GCF is im­por­tant.

Mean­while, the GCF es­tab­lished in De­cem­ber, 2010 and is the main global fi­nan­cial mech­a­nism to fi­nance green ini­tia­tives pro­mot­ing low emis­sion and cli­mate re­silient de­vel­op­ment. The GCF has it’s head­quar­ter in South Korea.

To­day, GCF has ap­proved three projects in Bhutan amount­ing to US$30M which in­cludes Bhutan for Life (BFL) worth US$26.6M, readi­ness pro­posal on ‘strate­gic frame­work to strengthen the ca­pac­ity of NDA to ac­cess re­sources from the GCF and sup­port for di­rect ac­cess ac­cred­i­ta­tion process’ worth US$0.4M; and readi­ness pro­posal on ‘prepa­ra­tion of Na­tional Adap­ta­tion Plan (NAP) for Bhutan with a fo­cus on im­ple­men­ta­tion of com­pre­hen­sive risk man­age­ment in the wa­ter sec­tor’ worth US$3.00M.

The Green Cli­mate Fund (GCF) is a global fund cre­ated in or­der to sup­port the con­ser­va­tion ef­forts of de­vel­op­ing coun­tries to re­spond to cli­mate change

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