The Saudi-led coalition of forces fighting the Iran-backed Houthi rebels may be close to victory, but the death and destruction from the recent conflict will cast a long shadow into the future. The United Nations (UN) estimates that eight million Yemeni risk starvation and the World Health Organisation will soon have identified 1m cases of cholera in the country. As of June, the port city of Hodeidah was one of the rebels’ last strongholds and a key space on the chessboard for its links to international supply routes. Yemeni, Saudi and United Arab Emirates forces launched a big push to retake it in June. The rebels have promised to launch more guerilla operations and fight to the death if a Saudi blockage becomes effective. The UN has been pushing for the formation of a transitional government. But with some southern forces calling for secession and an unstable Yemen potentially continuing to serve as a base for Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, the path to peace and stability remains perilous.
Yemeni forces advance on Hodeidah on 13 May