SEE TOP 100 ranks the biggest companies in Southeast Europe by total revenue for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013.
The SEE TOP 100 ranking covers non-financial companies registered in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia. Banks, investment intermediaries, insurers and real estate investment trusts (REITs) are excluded from the ranking as total revenue is not an accurate indicator of their performance. We have compiled separate rankings of the largest 100 banks and insurers. Holding companies, on the other hand, are represented in the ranking by their subsidiaries.
All data is sourced from national commercial registers, stock exchanges, government and corporate websites, industry regulators and companies themselves.
The initial pool of companies exceeds 1,200. The ranking does not include companies that declined or failed to provide financial results by the time SEE TOP 100’s content was finalised.
To allow comparison, all local currencies in the rankings have been converted into euro, using the respective central bank’s official exchange rate on the last working day of 2013 and 2012. Year-on-year changes in the companies’ financial indicators have been calculated using the figures in the original currency. Elsewhere, local currency figures referencing past periods have been converted into euro using the respective central bank exchange rate as of the end of the relevant period while all other local currency figures have been converted using the exchange rate as of the date the relevant editorial content was finalised.