Glos­sary

The ocean is made up of a myr­iad dif­fer­ent habi­tats. Do you know them all?

Asian Diver (English) - - News -

CORAL REEFS:

up of many coral Coral colonies, reefs sup­port­ing are di­verse 25 ecosys­tems per­cent of all made marine life.

ES­TU­AR­IES:

es­tu­ar­ies are Where par­tially the en­closed rivers con­nect bod­ies to of the wa­ter ocean, home to unique marine life that have adapted to brack­ish wa­ter.

IN­TER­TIDAL: Com­monly known as the seashore, the in­ter­tidal zone is sub­merged dur­ing high tide and ex­posed dur­ing low tide.

KELP FORESTS: Kelps are ex­tremely large brown al­gae that can grow up to 45 me­tres. They can be found in cool, shal­low waters close to shore.

MUD­FLATS: Mud­flats are formed in shel­tered shores that are pro­tected from waves. Mud is de­posited by tides or rivers dur­ing high tide and ex­posed at low tide.

MAN­GROVES: The man­grove plant has the unique abil­ity to ex­tract fresh­wa­ter from the muddy, brack­ish wa­ter it lives in. It can be found along shores, rivers and es­tu­ar­ies.

OYS­TER REEFS: Oys­ters grow in clus­ters, fus­ing to­gether to form rock-like reefs on coasts that be­come shel­ter for other marine life.

OPEN OCEAN: As the name sug­gests, the open ocean, also known as the pelagic zone, in­cludes all the oceans out­side of coastal ar­eas and is home to the big­gest marine species.

SALT MARSHES: Sim­i­lar to mud­flats, salt marshes are found along pro­tected shores and are flooded and drained by tides. They ac­cu­mu­late a dense layer of peat and mud that main­tain ecosys­tems.

SEA­GRASS MEAD­OWS: Sea­grass is the only flow­er­ing aquatic plant found in shal­low waters. Sea­grass mead­ows pro­tect coast­lines from storms by an­chor­ing the soil and sand with their roots.

TIDE­WA­TER GLACIERS: Tide­wa­ter glaciers are found right by the sea. They breakoff to calve ice­bergs that serve as pup­ping and moult­ing grounds for har­bour seals.

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