The Phnom Penh Post : 2019-01-11
OPINION : 17 : 17
17 THE PHNOM PENH POST JANUARY 11, 2019 WWW.PHNOMPENHPOST.COM Opinion www.phnompenhpost.com EDITORIAL PERSONNEL Publisher & Chief Executive Officer Opinion Ly Tayseng Executive Editor-in-Chief Parthasarathi Chakraborty Joshua Purushotman O Chief Sub-Editor N NEW Year’s Day, an estimated 395,000 babies were born worldwide, with India recording the highest number of these births at nearly 70,000 followed by China (44,940), according to data furnished by the UN Children’s Fund (Unicef ).
Over half of these births (395,000) have been reported in eight countries, including India, China, Pakistan, the US and Bangladesh.
Nigeria registered 25,685 births, Pakistan 15,112, Indonesia 13,256, the US 11,086. Emphasising the need for their protection and safety, Unicef urged the nations to ensure every newborn’s fundamental right to health and survival. In 2017, about one million babies died the day they were born and 2.5 million in just their first month of life.
The year also marks the 30th anniversary of the adoption of the Convention on the Right of the Child, advocating the need for good quality health care.
Stabilising the population, generating employment opportunities and alleviating poverty pose a formidable challenge to India. For the past few decades, successive governments have been trying to address the daunting population problem. But almost all our policies have proved to be ineffective. Joe Curtin Managing Editor Post Khmer Sam Rith Deputy Chief of Staff Phak Seangly Deputy Business Editor Sorn Sarath Deputy Head of Lifestyle Desk Pan Simala Reporters Khouth Sophak Chakrya, Niem Chheng, Hor Kimsay, Kim Sarom, Cheng Sokhorng, Kong Meta, Hin Pisei, Soth Koemsoeun, Ben Sokhean, Voun Dara, Mech Dara Photographers Heng Chivoan, Pha Lina, Hong Menea, Sreng Meng Srun Web Editor Leang Phannara Webmasters Uong Ratana, Horng Pengly, Sous Chanthy, Pang Vichea SIEM REAP BUREAU Office Manager Sophearith Blondeel PRODUCTION & PRINTING Head of Desktop Publishing Nhim Sokphyrak Desktop Publishing Suon Savatdy, Chum Sokunthy, Danh Borath Tep Thoeun Thyda, Ney Chan Borin, Than Veasna Velocity like a rocket HEAD OFFICE According to the UN population reference agency (UNFPA), India’s burgeoning population has assumed an alarming proportion and, if the present trend persists, the country’s population would be virtually double in the next 20 years – reaching around 2.56 billion.
At present the number of children per woman in India is 2.55 and there is no indication of a decline.
Malthus had once remarked that the rising population impedes environmental sustainability and sustainable development.
The inference is still a subject of discourse and it is difficult to correlate the increase of population and degradation of the environment on a national scale.
The world’s population is also increasing at an incredible speed. It has been projected that the world will boast 10 billion people by 2050.
The total population of India as of March 2018 is 1.28 billion. India represents 17.31 per cent of the world’s population – one out of six people on this planet lives in India.
While population growth rate in
India has assumed the proportion of escape velocity like a rocket (1.58 per Post Media Co, Ltd. 888, Building H, 8th floor, Phnom Penh Center, Cnr Sothearos & Sihanouk Blvd, Chamkarmon, Phnom Penh, Cambodia Tel: 023 214 311, 0214 311-017 Fax: 023 214 318 Young people are innovators, creators, builders and leaders of the future SIEM REAP No 629, Street 6 Dangkum Commune Tel: 063 966 290, Fax: 063 966 590 COMMERCIAL DEPARTMENT Chief Operating Officer James Ong Soon Teck The figures raise a pertinent question – how to manage a billion people by providing adequate food, employment opportunities, quality education, proper healthcare and social security?
India’s population was 363 million in 1951-52, with the estimated food production being 52 million tonnes. Individual calorie consumption per day was about 1,580. During 1985-86, India had a population of 725 million.
Accordingly, food production should have increased to 165 million tonnes to provide an individual consumption of 2,500 calories. The estimated enhanced food production as envisaged was not achieved.
Developing countries are the victims of a vicious cycle of poverty, pop- ing and poor countries need to take three steps.
The first calls for the population to be stabilised when death rates are high.
Second, because of improvement of public health engineering and medical science, the death rate may be low but the birth rate increases rapidly. National Sales Manager Chap Narith Account Director Tin Rosaly Digital Sales Manager Hun Channet CIRCULATION & DISTRIBUTION Marketing & Circulation Manager Prach Monnyreak Blindly static Distribution Manager Meas Thy Third, if both birth and death rates decline and the country stabilises its population, then an attempt can be made to ensure social security and economic freedom.
Unfortunately, many developing countries including India are not in a position to put in place a suitable environment to attain the third step. ADMINISTRATION Admin & HR Manager Pich Socheat HR Executive Neang Sopheap Parthasarathi Chakraborty is a former Reader in Chemistry, Presidency College, Kolkata. He was associated with UGC and Unicef. Assistants to Admin & HR Manager Lay Sopanha Financial Director Heang Tangmeng Chief Accountant Sren Vicheka Treasurers Sok Sophorn, Yon Sovannara, Cheam Sopheak IT Manager Seng Nak, Vong Oun TO CONTACT US [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] www.phnompenhpost.com © Post Media Co, Ltd The Phnom Penh Post is wholly owned and printed by Post Media Co Ltd. The title The Phnom Penh Post in either English or Khmer languages, its associated logos or devices and the contents of this publication may not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written consent of Post Media Co Ltd. www.phnompenhpost.com PRINTED AND DISTRIBUTED BY PRESSREADER PressReader.com +1 604 278 4604 O R I G I N A L C O P Y . O R I G I N A L C O P Y . O R I G I N A L C O P Y . O R I G I N A L C O P Y . O R I G I N A L C O P Y . O R I G I N A L C O P Y COPYRIGHT AND PROTECTED BY APPLICABLE LAW
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