On average, pipelines move about 97 per cent of petroleum products and natural gas in Canada. In 2013, 2,479 million barrels of oil equivalent (boe) of oil and gas travelled through pipelines
Produce 61 to 77 per cent less GHG emissions than rail
73 per cent of “occurrences” were spills less than one cubic metre. Pipelines spill more volume but don’t explode. There are about 280 significant pipeline spills (fatality, hospitalization or >$50,000 in damages) annually in the U.S.
Frequency of “occurrences”
0.049 per 1,000 boe transported
In 2010, an Enbridge pipeline ruptured and spilled more than one million gallons of crude oil into the Kalamazoo River. The cleanup cost about $1 billion
With major projects in regulatory or construction stages, and in the absence of Keystone XL, Canadian crude is in a threeto-five-year period of constrained capacity