Pipe­lines

Alberta Venture - - The Briefing -

Vol­ume shipped

On aver­age, pipe­lines move about 97 per cent of petroleum prod­ucts and nat­u­ral gas in Canada. In 2013, 2,479 mil­lion bar­rels of oil equiv­a­lent (boe) of oil and gas trav­elled through pipe­lines

Ex­pense

$5/bar­rel

GHG emis­sions

Pro­duce 61 to 77 per cent less GHG emis­sions than rail

Safety

73 per cent of “oc­cur­rences” were spills less than one cu­bic me­tre. Pipe­lines spill more vol­ume but don’t ex­plode. There are about 280 sig­nif­i­cant pipe­line spills (fa­tal­ity, hos­pi­tal­iza­tion or >$50,000 in dam­ages) an­nu­ally in the U.S.

Fre­quency of “oc­cur­rences”

0.049 per 1,000 boe trans­ported

Worst-case sce­nario

In 2010, an En­bridge pipe­line rup­tured and spilled more than one mil­lion gal­lons of crude oil into the Kala­ma­zoo River. The cleanup cost about $1 bil­lion

Vol­ume fore­casts

With ma­jor projects in reg­u­la­tory or con­struc­tion stages, and in the ab­sence of Key­stone XL, Cana­dian crude is in a threeto-five-year pe­riod of con­strained ca­pac­ity

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