LAND CLAIM TIME­LINE

Calgary Herald - - CITY + REGION -

There is a long and com­pli­cated his­tory be­tween the Lu­bi­con Lake Band and its bat­tle to have its land claims set­tled. Here are some of those key mo­ments:

1899: Treaty 8 is signed be­tween the Crown and First Na­tions in the Lesser Slave Lake area, say­ing each treaty mem­ber is en­ti­tled to 52 hectares of land. But the deal does not in­clude mem­bers of the Lu­bi­con Lake Cree Na­tion, who were missed by fed­eral agents.

1933: Lu­bi­con mem­bers ini­ti­ate a land claim.

1939-40: In­dian Af­fairs of­fi­cials visit the north­east Al­berta area that is home to the Lu­bi­con and rec­og­nize the Lu­bi­con as a dis­tinct band, promis­ing a re­serve.

1979-1982: The Lu­bi­con count more than 400 oil and gas wells drilled within a 25-kilo­me­tre ra­dius of the ham­let of Lit­tle Buf­falo, ac­cord­ing to an Ed­mon­ton Jour­nal story pub­lished in 1988.

1988: Lu­bi­con band mounts a protest cam­paign dur­ing Cal­gary’s 1988 Win­ter Olympics, draw­ing at­ten­tion to the longsim­mer­ing dis­pute. The band re­jects an of­fer from the prov­ince and fed­eral gov­ern­ment to give the band an “in­terim” re­serve of 66 square kilo­me­tres un­til the dis­pute is re­solved.

Oc­to­ber 1988: Lu­bi­con mem­bers put up block­ades on gravel roads into 10,000 square kilo­me­tres of north­ern Al­berta woods, stand­ing in the way of oil well drillers, pipe­line builders and seis­mic crews and say crews want­ing to work there must pur­chase per­mits from the band. The First Na­tion be­comes a sym­bol for Cana­dian Indige­nous groups seek­ing self-de­ter­mi­na­tion dur­ing its five-day protest. The block­ades are dis­man­tled af­ter ar­rests by the RCMP.

Oc­to­ber 2014: Pro­gres­sive Con­ser­va­tive Premier Jim Pren­tice vis­its Lu­bi­con Lake Band and helps the com­mu­nity launch a land claim. He was the first sit­ting premier in nearly two decades to visit Indige­nous com­mu­ni­ties in north­ern Al­berta.

Oc­to­ber 2018: Lu­bi­con mem­bers ap­prove a set­tle­ment with fed­eral and pro­vin­cial gov­ern­ments in a com­mu­nity vote that took place from Sept. 14 to Oct. 15. The agree­ment in­cludes $121 mil­lion in fed­eral and pro­vin­cial fund­ing and 246 square kilo­me­tres of land near Lit­tle Buf­falo.

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