INDIGE­NOUS SOL­DIERS

Canada's History - - THE PACKET - — Ali­son Nagy

Tom Long­boat, an Onondaga man who be­came a world- cham­pion long- dis­tance run­ner, is per­haps the most widely known Indige­nous per­son to serve in the First World War. How­ever, thou­sands more Indige­nous peo­ple served both over­seas and on the home front. 4,000

Of­fi­cial num­ber of “Abo­rig­i­nal” peo­ple who were mem­bers of the Cana­dian Ex­pe­di­tionary Force. Mil­i­tary records, how­ever, didn’t al­ways in­di­cate Indige­nous sta­tus, and records did not in­di­cate whether en­lis­tees were First Na­tions, Inuit, or Métis, so the com­plete num­bers are un­known.

15

The num­ber of Inuit and South­ern Inuit men known to have joined the New­found­land Reg­i­ment.

45,000

Amount of money raised by Indige­nous peo­ple in sup­port of the war ef­fort. Indige­nous women also set up branches of the Red Cross and other pa­tri­otic or­ga­ni­za­tions.

1917

The year a one-time fran­chise was given to Indige­nous men serv­ing in the mil­i­tary, to al­low them to vote in a fed­eral elec­tion with­out los­ing their "In­dian sta­tus."

Pri­vate Tom Long­boat, right, the famed longdis­tance run­ner from the Six Na­tions of the Grand River in On­tario, buys a news­pa­per from a French boy in June 1917.

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