A HISTORIC LINE
This is North Dakota’s official state nickname, which refers to a large commemorative garden that straddles its border with Manitoba. a) Unity Garden State b) Botanical Brotherhood State c) Peace Garden State d) Peaceful by Nature State
Set in 1818, the border along the 49th parallel did not initially extend all the way to the Strait of Georgia and the Pacific Ocean. Where did it end? a) The Manitoba-saskatchewan border b) The Saskatchewan-alberta border c) Midway, B.C. d) The summit of the Rocky Mountains
The border divided the homelands of several First Nations, transforming tribal and family relationships, ancient hunting routes and more. What traditional territory is shown on this map? a) Iroquois b) Ojibwa c) Blackfoot d) Dakota
In 1844, soon-to-be president of the United States James Polk campaigned on taking over all of Oregon Country, a huge territory jointly occupied by Britain and America that stretched all the way to Alaska’s southern border. What was his still-famous campaign slogan? a) To Alaska and beyond! c) Forty-nine is not enough! b) Fifty-four forty or fight! d) Sixty or here come the Yanks!
This person was prime minister of Canada when the 49th parallel was first set as the Canada-u.s. border. a) Sir John Abbott b) Sir John A. Macdonald c) Alexander Mackenzie d) There was no Canadian prime minister
This popular American belief in the God-given right to expand across the continent gave Britain reason to settle on a firm border in a hurry. a) The American Dream b) Manifest Destiny c) New Imperialism d) America’s Burden
TRUE OR FALSE The United States and Britain originally planned to divide their territories along the route of the main east-west pioneer trail.
TRUE OR FALSE The 49th parallel was nicknamed “the Medicine Line” because of the superior British medical care available in communities north of the border.
Which country gained more land in 1818 by agreeing to a straight boundary? a) United States b) Britain
TRUE OR FALSE Hudson’s Bay Company was the first group to make a reference to the 49th parallel as a boundary.